Sexual assault in the military and its impact on sexual satisfaction in women veterans: A proposed model

Jennifer S. McCall-Hosenfeld, Jane M. Liebschutz, Avron Spiro, Margaret R. Seaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: Sexual assault in the military (SAIM) is associated with decreased sexual satisfaction. However, mediators of this association have not been fully described. Methods: Using a retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data collected for the national Veterans Affairs (VA) Women's Health Survey, we propose a mediator model to explain the association between SAIM and decreased sexual satisfaction among women veterans. Four mediators of the association between SAIM and decreased sexual satisfaction are tested: (1) emotional health-related quality of life, (2) physical health-related quality of life, (3) lack of a close partner, and (4) gynecological illness. These mediators were chosen to encompass independent domains potentially relevant to sexual satisfaction, including emotional, physical, and relational. Results: Of 3161 women (87%) who answered the sexual satisfaction question, the mean age was 45 (SD 15) years; 85% were white. Twenty-four percent reported a history of SAIM, and 39% reported sexual dissatisfaction. In age-adjusted logistic regression analyses, both SAIM and sexual dissatisfaction were strongly associated with each of the proposed mediators. However, of the four mediators, emotional health-related quality of life most strongly attenuated the association between SAIM and sexual dissatisfaction. After including all mediators, the association between SAIM and decreased sexual satisfaction was markedly attenuated. Conclusions: SAIM's negative impact on sexual satisfaction in women veterans operates both directly and through its physical and mental health sequelae. Of the proposed mediators in this association, the most prominent is mental health-related quality of life; the other proposed mediators were minimally related.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)901-909
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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