Shale as a radioactive waste repository: the importance of vermiculite

Sridhar Komarneni, Della M. Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cesium sorption and fixation properties of thirty shale minerals and shales were investigated in search of a criterion for the suitability of shales for a radioactive waste repository. Shales and illites containing vermiculite fixed the largest proportion of total Cs sorbed (up to 91%) against displacement with 0.1 N KCl. For example, a slate sample fixed 33% of the total Cs sorbed while its weathered counterpart in which chlorite had altered to vermiculite fixed 89% of the total Cs sorbed. Since Cs is one of the most soluble and hazardous radioactive ions, its containment is of great importance in safe radioactive waste disposal. Presence of vermiculite in a shale body may, therefore, serve as one criterion in the selection of a suitable shale for radioactive waste disposal if and when shales in geologically stable areas are selected for repositories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1793-1796
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry
Volume41
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1979

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