Shear-Dependent Adhesion of Leukocytes and Lectins to the Endothelium and Concurrent Changes in Thickness of the Glycocalyx of Post-Capillary Venules in the Low-Flow State

Herbert H. Lipowsky, Anne Lescanic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective: To elucidate shear-dependent effects of deformation of the endothelial glycocalyx on adhesion of circulating ligands in post-capillary venules, and delineate effect of MMPs. Methods: Adhesion of WBCs and lectin-coated FLMs (0.1 μm diameter) to EC of post-capillary venules in mesentery was examined during acute reductions in shear rates (γ·, hemorrhagic hypotension). Adhesion was examined with or without superfusion with 0.5 μm doxycycline to inhibit MMPs. Thickness of the glycocalyx was measured by exclusion of fluorescent 70 kDa dextran from the EC surface. Results: During superfusion with Ringers, rapid reductions in γ· resulted in a significant rise in WBC adhesion and a twofold rise in microsphere adhesion. With addition of doxycycline WBC and FLM adhesion increased twofold under high- and low-flow conditions. FLM adhesion was invariant with γ· throughout the network in the normal (high)-flow state. With reductions in γ·, thickness of the glycocalyx increased significantly, with or without doxycycline. Conclusions: The concurrent increase in WBC and FLM adhesion with increased thickness of the glycocalyx during reductions in shear suggests that glycocalyx core proteins recoil from their deformed steady-state configuration, which increases exposure of binding sites for circulating ligands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalMicrocirculation
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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