Shear-induced crystallization and shear-induced dissolution of poly(ethylene oxide) in mixtures with tetrahydronaphthalene and oligo(dimethyl siloxane-b-ethylene oxide)

Samy Madbouly, Bernhard A. Wolf

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cloud point temperatures (Tcp) and crystallization temperatures (T1/s) were measured at different constant shear rates for the ternary system tetrahydronaphthalene/ poly(ethylene oxide)/oligo(dimethyl siloxane-b-ethylene oxide) using a rheo-optical device and in the case of T1/s additionally a viscometer. This system enables for the first time a joint investigation of both transitions with a given mixture. Shear favors the homogeneous liquid state and the formation of crystals. Tcp (liquid/liquid demixing, UCST) shifts to lower and T1/s (liquid/solid, segregation of PEO) to higher temperatures by several degrees as the shear rate, γ̇, is increased up to 500 s-1. The normalized shift in Tcp fits well into previous results for high molecular weight blends, oligomer mixtures, polymer solutions in single solvents and low molecular weight mixtures. A phase separated near critical blend was examined 1 K below its Tcp by means of a shear cell (Linkam) in the quiescent state and under shear with respect to its morphology. Upon an increase in γ̇ one observes a transition from the co-continuous structures existing in the quiescent state via deformed and oriented particles to string like morphologies. Finally, at sufficiently high shear rates the mixture becomes homogeneous and structures can no longer be seen under the microscope. The morphologies developing after the secession of shear are pointing to pronounced influences of the flow history of the system on the final structure of two phase blends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-424
Number of pages8
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Volume204
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2003

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Tetrahydronaphthalenes
Siloxanes
Ethylene Oxide
siloxanes
ethylene oxide
Crystallization
Polyethylene oxides
Ethylene
dissolving
Dissolution
Shear deformation
crystallization
shear
Oxides
Liquids
Molecular weight
liquids
Viscometers
Ternary systems
Polymer solutions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Cloud point temperatures (Tcp) and crystallization temperatures (T1/s) were measured at different constant shear rates for the ternary system tetrahydronaphthalene/ poly(ethylene oxide)/oligo(dimethyl siloxane-b-ethylene oxide) using a rheo-optical device and in the case of T1/s additionally a viscometer. This system enables for the first time a joint investigation of both transitions with a given mixture. Shear favors the homogeneous liquid state and the formation of crystals. Tcp (liquid/liquid demixing, UCST) shifts to lower and T1/s (liquid/solid, segregation of PEO) to higher temperatures by several degrees as the shear rate, γ̇, is increased up to 500 s-1. The normalized shift in Tcp fits well into previous results for high molecular weight blends, oligomer mixtures, polymer solutions in single solvents and low molecular weight mixtures. A phase separated near critical blend was examined 1 K below its Tcp by means of a shear cell (Linkam) in the quiescent state and under shear with respect to its morphology. Upon an increase in γ̇ one observes a transition from the co-continuous structures existing in the quiescent state via deformed and oriented particles to string like morphologies. Finally, at sufficiently high shear rates the mixture becomes homogeneous and structures can no longer be seen under the microscope. The morphologies developing after the secession of shear are pointing to pronounced influences of the flow history of the system on the final structure of two phase blends.",
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N2 - Cloud point temperatures (Tcp) and crystallization temperatures (T1/s) were measured at different constant shear rates for the ternary system tetrahydronaphthalene/ poly(ethylene oxide)/oligo(dimethyl siloxane-b-ethylene oxide) using a rheo-optical device and in the case of T1/s additionally a viscometer. This system enables for the first time a joint investigation of both transitions with a given mixture. Shear favors the homogeneous liquid state and the formation of crystals. Tcp (liquid/liquid demixing, UCST) shifts to lower and T1/s (liquid/solid, segregation of PEO) to higher temperatures by several degrees as the shear rate, γ̇, is increased up to 500 s-1. The normalized shift in Tcp fits well into previous results for high molecular weight blends, oligomer mixtures, polymer solutions in single solvents and low molecular weight mixtures. A phase separated near critical blend was examined 1 K below its Tcp by means of a shear cell (Linkam) in the quiescent state and under shear with respect to its morphology. Upon an increase in γ̇ one observes a transition from the co-continuous structures existing in the quiescent state via deformed and oriented particles to string like morphologies. Finally, at sufficiently high shear rates the mixture becomes homogeneous and structures can no longer be seen under the microscope. The morphologies developing after the secession of shear are pointing to pronounced influences of the flow history of the system on the final structure of two phase blends.

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