Shear influence on the phase behavior of systems containing a homopolymer A and a block copolymer AB

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Abstract

Cloud point temperatures (Tcp) and crystallization temperatures (T1/s) of the ternary system tetrahydronaphthalene/poly(ethylene oxide)/poly(dimethyl siloxane-b-ethylene oxide) have been measured at different constant shear rates using a rheo-optical device and an advanced rheometer. The cloud points temperatures (UCST-type phase diagram) are reduced by several degrees as the system flows; i.e. the shear can suppress the phase separation and enlarge the homogenous region. The crystallization kinetics of PEO in the ternary mixtures has been investigated isothermally and non-isothermally at quiescent state and under shear. The shear could strongly enhance the crystallization i.e. the T1/s shifts to higher temperatures and the induction time, t0 (the time needs for the onset of crystallization) substantially decreases with increasing shear rate during the non-isothermal and isothermal crystallization processes, respectively. The isothermal crystallization kinetics at quiescent state and at different shear rates was analyzed on the bases of Avrami approach. The Avrami exponent which provides qualitative information about the nature of the nucleation and growth process, was found to be shear rate and temperature dependent. The Avrami exponent increased from ∼3 at the quiescent state to as large as 9 at γ̇ = 100 s-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-51
Number of pages11
JournalMacromolecular Symposia
Volume198
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003

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Phase behavior
Homopolymerization
block copolymers
Block copolymers
Crystallization
Shear deformation
shear
crystallization
Crystallization kinetics
Polyethylene oxides
Tetrahydronaphthalenes
Temperature
ethylene oxide
Siloxanes
Ethylene Oxide
Rheometers
Ternary systems
Optical devices
exponents
Phase separation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Shear influence on the phase behavior of systems containing a homopolymer A and a block copolymer AB",
abstract = "Cloud point temperatures (Tcp) and crystallization temperatures (T1/s) of the ternary system tetrahydronaphthalene/poly(ethylene oxide)/poly(dimethyl siloxane-b-ethylene oxide) have been measured at different constant shear rates using a rheo-optical device and an advanced rheometer. The cloud points temperatures (UCST-type phase diagram) are reduced by several degrees as the system flows; i.e. the shear can suppress the phase separation and enlarge the homogenous region. The crystallization kinetics of PEO in the ternary mixtures has been investigated isothermally and non-isothermally at quiescent state and under shear. The shear could strongly enhance the crystallization i.e. the T1/s shifts to higher temperatures and the induction time, t0 (the time needs for the onset of crystallization) substantially decreases with increasing shear rate during the non-isothermal and isothermal crystallization processes, respectively. The isothermal crystallization kinetics at quiescent state and at different shear rates was analyzed on the bases of Avrami approach. The Avrami exponent which provides qualitative information about the nature of the nucleation and growth process, was found to be shear rate and temperature dependent. The Avrami exponent increased from ∼3 at the quiescent state to as large as 9 at γ̇ = 100 s-1.",
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N2 - Cloud point temperatures (Tcp) and crystallization temperatures (T1/s) of the ternary system tetrahydronaphthalene/poly(ethylene oxide)/poly(dimethyl siloxane-b-ethylene oxide) have been measured at different constant shear rates using a rheo-optical device and an advanced rheometer. The cloud points temperatures (UCST-type phase diagram) are reduced by several degrees as the system flows; i.e. the shear can suppress the phase separation and enlarge the homogenous region. The crystallization kinetics of PEO in the ternary mixtures has been investigated isothermally and non-isothermally at quiescent state and under shear. The shear could strongly enhance the crystallization i.e. the T1/s shifts to higher temperatures and the induction time, t0 (the time needs for the onset of crystallization) substantially decreases with increasing shear rate during the non-isothermal and isothermal crystallization processes, respectively. The isothermal crystallization kinetics at quiescent state and at different shear rates was analyzed on the bases of Avrami approach. The Avrami exponent which provides qualitative information about the nature of the nucleation and growth process, was found to be shear rate and temperature dependent. The Avrami exponent increased from ∼3 at the quiescent state to as large as 9 at γ̇ = 100 s-1.

AB - Cloud point temperatures (Tcp) and crystallization temperatures (T1/s) of the ternary system tetrahydronaphthalene/poly(ethylene oxide)/poly(dimethyl siloxane-b-ethylene oxide) have been measured at different constant shear rates using a rheo-optical device and an advanced rheometer. The cloud points temperatures (UCST-type phase diagram) are reduced by several degrees as the system flows; i.e. the shear can suppress the phase separation and enlarge the homogenous region. The crystallization kinetics of PEO in the ternary mixtures has been investigated isothermally and non-isothermally at quiescent state and under shear. The shear could strongly enhance the crystallization i.e. the T1/s shifts to higher temperatures and the induction time, t0 (the time needs for the onset of crystallization) substantially decreases with increasing shear rate during the non-isothermal and isothermal crystallization processes, respectively. The isothermal crystallization kinetics at quiescent state and at different shear rates was analyzed on the bases of Avrami approach. The Avrami exponent which provides qualitative information about the nature of the nucleation and growth process, was found to be shear rate and temperature dependent. The Avrami exponent increased from ∼3 at the quiescent state to as large as 9 at γ̇ = 100 s-1.

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