Shear wave splitting across the Mid-Atlantic region of North America: A fossil anisotropy interpretation

Austin L. White-Gaynor, Andrew A. Nyblade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New shear wave splitting measurements (n = 76) from the Mid-Atlantic section of North America, when combined with previously reported measurements, provide improved clarity to patterns of seismic anisotropy across the region, including a rotation of fast polarization directions (φ) from east-west to northeast-southwest in Pennsylvania (USA). We attribute the patterns in φ to frozen-in (i.e., fossil) anisotropy in the lithospheric mantle. Most φ directions parallel the strike of the Appalachian orogen, except in parts of New England, where φ directions are oriented perpendicular to both the strike of the orogen and continental margin. The φ directions parallel to the strike of the Appalachian orogen, including those that rotate from east-west to northeast-southwest in Pennsylvania, are consistent with the expected orientation for fossil anisotropy developed during the Appalachian orogenic cycle. The φ directions in New England, perpendicular to the continental margin, are consistent with the expected orientation for fossil anisotropy developed during the breakup of Pangea, and φ directions at locations west of the Appalachian Mountains in areas not affected by the Appalachian orogeny can be explained by fossil anisotropy developed during the Proterozoic suturing of the Granite-Rhyolite Province and Elzevir block to the eastern margin of Laurentia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)555-558
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume45
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

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wave splitting
S-wave
anisotropy
fossil
continental margin
seismic anisotropy
Pangaea
Laurentia
rhyolite
orogeny
Proterozoic
polarization
granite
mantle
mountain
North America

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

Cite this

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Shear wave splitting across the Mid-Atlantic region of North America : A fossil anisotropy interpretation. / White-Gaynor, Austin L.; Nyblade, Andrew A.

In: Geology, Vol. 45, No. 6, 01.06.2017, p. 555-558.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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