The hollow long bones of the human appendicular skeleton are known to support the propagation of ultrasonic guided waves, whose potential for diagnosing bone health is being investigated. In this study, ultrasonic guided waves propagating in the diaphysis of human tibia are characterized experimentally and numerically in the frequency range around 200 kHz. The experiment involves a unique combination of omni‐directional shear transducer‐based excitation and detection using a 1D laser Doppler vibrometer. The cluster of phase velocities obtained from a linear array of time‐history data using space‐time Fourier transform is found to be in the non-dispersive low‐phase velocity region of the dispersion curves obtained for a tibial cross‐section. Time‐domain finite element analysis revealed that the displacement components normal to the surface are significant, even though the loading is from a shear transducer. Furthermore, semi-analytical finite element analysis revealed that the wave structures of the wave modes contained within the cluster of low‐phase velocity modes are consistent with the displacement profiles obtained from the time‐domain analysis. The experimental results show that the low‐phase velocity mode cluster has sufficient intensity to propagate axially at least 85 mm in the mid‐diaphyseal region.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes