Shifting gender effects: Opportunity structures, institutionalized mass schooling, and cross-national achievement in mathematics

Alexander W. Wiseman, David P. Baker, Riegle-Crumb Catherine Riegle-Crumb, Francisco O. Ramirez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prior research shows that stratification of future adult opportunities influences stratification in the academic performance of students. This perspective is used to generate hypotheses regarding the sources of cross-national gender differences in mathematics performance. These hypotheses are tested using multivariate and multilevel analyses of adult opportunities for women and cross-national differences in mathematics performance by gender. This future opportunity perspective is expanded to take into account the historical incorporation of women in modern nation-states through institutionalized mass schooling emphasizing egalitarian ideals. Results indicate a cross-national shift in the direction of less gender inequality in overall school mathematics performance. However, gender inequality is more evident in the advanced 12th grade mathematics. The results of a more specialized analysis of the advanced 12th grade mathematics are compared with the earlier findings regarding mathematics performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-422
Number of pages28
JournalInternational Perspectives on Education and Society
Volume10
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

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