Short-bowel Syndrome in Children: Quality of Life in an Era of Improved Survival

Thomas R. Weber, Thomas Tracy, Robert H. Connors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of disorders in childhood can result in short-bowel syndrome (small bowel length, <100 cm). Improved care has increased survival in patients with short-bowel syndrome, but the quality-of-life factors associated with such improved survival have not been examined, to our knowledge. Sixteen consecutive pediatric patients with short-bowel syndrome (bowel length range, 22 to 98 cm) were followed up for 2 to 10 years. The original diagnoses were as follows: necrotizing enterocolitis (n=6), multiple intestinal atresias (n=4), extensive aganglionosis (n=2), meconium peritonitis (n=2), and midgut volvulus (n=2). The range of initial hospitalization was from 62 to 395 days, and 13 of 16 patients have required readmission (two to 14 times). All patients required multiple operations (range, two to 14 operations), including combinations of venous access, adhesiolysis, tapering enteroplasty, reversed intestinal segments, and pull-through procedure. Nine of 16 patients received home total parenteral nutrition, and 12 of 16 patients required home elemental diets, usually via pump feedings. Fifteen patients (94%) survived. Two survivors are deaf, and one of these has mild developmental delay. Seven survivors (age range, 6 to 10 years) attend a regular school, four while receiving total parenteral nutrition or an elemental diet. Ten of 15 survivors are off all nutritional support (including the child with a 22-cm small bowel), with four others weaning. The presence or absence of an ileocecal valve did not affect outcome. Modern nutritional support methods provide excellent survival and quality of life for children with short-bowel syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)841-846
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Surgery
Volume126
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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Short Bowel Syndrome
Quality of Life
Survival
Survivors
Formulated Food
Nutritional Support
Home Total Parenteral Nutrition
Ileocecal Valve
Meconium
Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Total Parenteral Nutrition
Weaning
Peritonitis
Hospitalization
Pediatrics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

Cite this

Weber, Thomas R. ; Tracy, Thomas ; Connors, Robert H. / Short-bowel Syndrome in Children : Quality of Life in an Era of Improved Survival. In: Archives of Surgery. 1991 ; Vol. 126, No. 7. pp. 841-846.
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Short-bowel Syndrome in Children : Quality of Life in an Era of Improved Survival. / Weber, Thomas R.; Tracy, Thomas; Connors, Robert H.

In: Archives of Surgery, Vol. 126, No. 7, 01.01.1991, p. 841-846.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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