Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with significant short-term morbidity and mortality, which cannot solely be explained by loss of organ function. Renal replacement therapy allows rapid correction of most acute changes associated with AKI, indicating that additional pathogenetic factors play a major role in AKI. Evidence suggests that reduced renal cytokine clearance as well as increased cytokine production by the acutely injured kidney contribute to a systemic inflammation state, which results in significant effects on other organs. AKI seems to compromise the function of the innate immune system. AKI is an acute systemic disease with serious distant organ effects.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine