Should i stay or should i go? Factors that influence the retention, turnover, and attrition of k–12 music teachers in the United States

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to construct a profile of K–12 music teachers in the United States and develop a model to predict their retention, turnover, and attrition. Responses to the Schools and Staffing Survey from 47,857 K–12 public and private school teachers, including 1,903 music teachers, were analyzed using comparative statistics, factor analysis, logistic regression, and structural equation modeling. Results indicated that music teachers were far more likely than other types of teachers to hold itinerant or part-time positions, and were less likely to receive support for working with special needs students. Music teachers changed teaching positions because of dissatisfaction with workplace conditions and for better teaching assignments. Music teachers left the teaching profession for better salary or benefits, and were generally more satisfied in their new field. Music teachers’ perceived level of administrative support had the most prominent influence on both music teacher satisfaction and retention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-121
Number of pages10
JournalArts Education Policy Review
Volume111
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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