Signal feature extraction from microbarograph observations using the Hilbert-Huang transform

Arnab Roy, Chun Hsien Wen, John F. Doherty, John D. Mathews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) is a relatively new time-frequency analysis tool. We present a new signal feature extraction technique based on HHT. This technique is used to extract diurnal and semidiurnal tides from atmospheric pressure data obtained from a microbarograph stationed at the Arecibo Observatory. Observation of seasonal variations of semidiurnal tides is possible due to the high precision offered by this technique. Furthermore, we apply the signal extraction procedure to isolate and remove high-amplitude disturbance signals from the time-series signal. This is demonstrated by extracting a hurricane event from the pressure data. The superior capabilities of the HHT-based technique to analyze time-varying signals compared to traditional linear techniques such as the wavelet transform and the fast Fourier transform are demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1442-1447
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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