Signature of a tropical Pacific cyclone in the composition of the upper troposphere over Socorro, NM

K. Minschwaner, G. L. Manney, I. Petropavlovskikh, L. A. Torres, Z. D. Lawrence, B. Sutherland, A. M. Thompson, B. J. Johnson, Z. Butterfield, M. K. Dubey, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, W. G. Read, M. J. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a case study based on balloon-borne ozone measurements during the SouthEast American Consortium for Intensive Ozonesonde Network Study in August-September 2013. Data from Socorro, NM (34°N, 107°W) show a layer of anomalously low ozone in the upper troposphere (UT) during 8-14 August. Back trajectories, UT jet analyses, and data from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the Aura satellite indicate that this feature originated from the marine boundary layer in the eastern/central tropical Pacific, where several disturbances and one hurricane (Henriette) formed within an active region of the Intertropical Convergence Zone in early August 2013. The hurricane and nearby convection pumped boundary layer air with low ozone (20-30 ppbv) into the UT. This outflow was advected to North America 3-5 days later by a strong subtropical jet, forming a tongue of low ozone observed in MLS fields and a corresponding layer of low ozone in Socorro vertical profiles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9530-9537
Number of pages8
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume42
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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