Signature of quantum Griffiths singularity state in a layered quasi-one-dimensional superconductor

E. Zhang, J. Zhi, Y.-C. Zou, Z. Ye, L. Ai, J. Shi, C. Huang, S. Liu, Z. Lin, X. Zheng, N. Kang, H. Xu, W. Wang, L. He, J. Zou, J. Liu, Z. Mao, F. Xiu

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Abstract

Quantum Griffiths singularity was theoretically proposed to interpret the phenomenon of divergent dynamical exponent in quantum phase transitions. It has been discovered experimentally in three-dimensional (3D) magnetic metal systems and two-dimensional (2D) superconductors. But, whether this state exists in lower dimensional systems remains elusive. Here, we report the signature of quantum Griffiths singularity state in quasi-one-dimensional (1D) Ta 2 PdS 5 nanowires. The superconducting critical field shows a strong anisotropic behavior and a violation of the Pauli limit in a parallel magnetic field configuration. Current-voltage measurements exhibit hysteresis loops and a series of multiple voltage steps in transition to the normal state, indicating a quasi-1D nature of the superconductivity. Surprisingly, the nanowire undergoes a superconductor-metal transition when the magnetic field increases. Upon approaching the zero-temperature quantum critical point, the system uncovers the signature of the quantum Griffiths singularity state arising from enhanced quenched disorders, where the dynamical critical exponent becomes diverging rather than being constant. \ 2018, The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
JournalNature communications
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

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    Zhang, E., Zhi, J., Zou, Y-C., Ye, Z., Ai, L., Shi, J., Huang, C., Liu, S., Lin, Z., Zheng, X., Kang, N., Xu, H., Wang, W., He, L., Zou, J., Liu, J., Mao, Z., & Xiu, F. (2018). Signature of quantum Griffiths singularity state in a layered quasi-one-dimensional superconductor. Nature communications, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07123-y