Simulating Carbon Dioxide Sequestration/ECBM Production in Coal Seams: Effects of Coal Properties and Operational Parameters

W. Neal Sams, Grant Bromhal, Olufemi Odusote, Sinisha Jikich, Turgay Ertekin, Duane H. Smith

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon dioxide sequestration is a promising technology for reducing anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions while fossil fuels are still being used. The costs associated with CO 2 sequestration are often high; however, in certain circumstances (e.g., enhanced oil recovery) these costs can be more than offset by the benefits of additional incremental hydrocarbon production. Primary production of coalbed methane is a well-developed technology, but secondary production, through the injection of CO 2 or N 2 has undergone relatively little study. Recent research suggests that carbon dioxide preferentially sorbs to coal, displacing methane, making CO 2-enhanced coalbed methane production an ideal candidate for CO 2 sequestration. We use PSU-COALCOMP, a dual-porosity coalbed methane simulator, to model, primary and secondary production of methane from coal, for a variety of coal properties and operational parameters. Our base well pattern consists of four horizontal production wells that form a square, with four smaller horizontal producers/injectors at the square's center. Primary production of methane and water is simulated until a specified reservoir pressure is reached, after which CO 2 is injected in the center wells to displace methane, extending the reservoir's production of methane. Production continues until the CO 2 concentration in the produced gas is too high. By modifying coal properties, such as permeability, porosity, degree of anisotropy, and sorption rates, we have approximated different types of coals. By varying operational parameters, such as injector length, injection well pressure, time to injection, and production well pressure, we can evaluate different production schemes to determine an optimum for each coal type. Any optimization requires considering a tradeoff between total methane produced (or CO 2 sequestered) and the rate of methane production. Values of aggregate methane production and methane production rate are presented for multiple coal types and different operational designs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - SPE Eastern Regional Meeting
Pages39-48
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2002
EventProceedings - SPE Eastern Regional Meeting - Lexington, KY, United States
Duration: Oct 23 2002Oct 25 2002

Other

OtherProceedings - SPE Eastern Regional Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityLexington, KY
Period10/23/0210/25/02

Fingerprint

Carbon dioxide
Coal
Methane
Well pressure
Injection (oil wells)
Porosity
Gas emissions
Fossil fuels
Greenhouse gases
Sorption
Costs
Anisotropy
Simulators
Hydrocarbons
Recovery

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Sams, W. N., Bromhal, G., Odusote, O., Jikich, S., Ertekin, T., & Smith, D. H. (2002). Simulating Carbon Dioxide Sequestration/ECBM Production in Coal Seams: Effects of Coal Properties and Operational Parameters. In Proceedings - SPE Eastern Regional Meeting (pp. 39-48)
Sams, W. Neal ; Bromhal, Grant ; Odusote, Olufemi ; Jikich, Sinisha ; Ertekin, Turgay ; Smith, Duane H. / Simulating Carbon Dioxide Sequestration/ECBM Production in Coal Seams : Effects of Coal Properties and Operational Parameters. Proceedings - SPE Eastern Regional Meeting. 2002. pp. 39-48
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Sams, WN, Bromhal, G, Odusote, O, Jikich, S, Ertekin, T & Smith, DH 2002, Simulating Carbon Dioxide Sequestration/ECBM Production in Coal Seams: Effects of Coal Properties and Operational Parameters. in Proceedings - SPE Eastern Regional Meeting. pp. 39-48, Proceedings - SPE Eastern Regional Meeting, Lexington, KY, United States, 10/23/02.

Simulating Carbon Dioxide Sequestration/ECBM Production in Coal Seams : Effects of Coal Properties and Operational Parameters. / Sams, W. Neal; Bromhal, Grant; Odusote, Olufemi; Jikich, Sinisha; Ertekin, Turgay; Smith, Duane H.

Proceedings - SPE Eastern Regional Meeting. 2002. p. 39-48.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Jikich, Sinisha

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N2 - Carbon dioxide sequestration is a promising technology for reducing anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions while fossil fuels are still being used. The costs associated with CO 2 sequestration are often high; however, in certain circumstances (e.g., enhanced oil recovery) these costs can be more than offset by the benefits of additional incremental hydrocarbon production. Primary production of coalbed methane is a well-developed technology, but secondary production, through the injection of CO 2 or N 2 has undergone relatively little study. Recent research suggests that carbon dioxide preferentially sorbs to coal, displacing methane, making CO 2-enhanced coalbed methane production an ideal candidate for CO 2 sequestration. We use PSU-COALCOMP, a dual-porosity coalbed methane simulator, to model, primary and secondary production of methane from coal, for a variety of coal properties and operational parameters. Our base well pattern consists of four horizontal production wells that form a square, with four smaller horizontal producers/injectors at the square's center. Primary production of methane and water is simulated until a specified reservoir pressure is reached, after which CO 2 is injected in the center wells to displace methane, extending the reservoir's production of methane. Production continues until the CO 2 concentration in the produced gas is too high. By modifying coal properties, such as permeability, porosity, degree of anisotropy, and sorption rates, we have approximated different types of coals. By varying operational parameters, such as injector length, injection well pressure, time to injection, and production well pressure, we can evaluate different production schemes to determine an optimum for each coal type. Any optimization requires considering a tradeoff between total methane produced (or CO 2 sequestered) and the rate of methane production. Values of aggregate methane production and methane production rate are presented for multiple coal types and different operational designs.

AB - Carbon dioxide sequestration is a promising technology for reducing anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions while fossil fuels are still being used. The costs associated with CO 2 sequestration are often high; however, in certain circumstances (e.g., enhanced oil recovery) these costs can be more than offset by the benefits of additional incremental hydrocarbon production. Primary production of coalbed methane is a well-developed technology, but secondary production, through the injection of CO 2 or N 2 has undergone relatively little study. Recent research suggests that carbon dioxide preferentially sorbs to coal, displacing methane, making CO 2-enhanced coalbed methane production an ideal candidate for CO 2 sequestration. We use PSU-COALCOMP, a dual-porosity coalbed methane simulator, to model, primary and secondary production of methane from coal, for a variety of coal properties and operational parameters. Our base well pattern consists of four horizontal production wells that form a square, with four smaller horizontal producers/injectors at the square's center. Primary production of methane and water is simulated until a specified reservoir pressure is reached, after which CO 2 is injected in the center wells to displace methane, extending the reservoir's production of methane. Production continues until the CO 2 concentration in the produced gas is too high. By modifying coal properties, such as permeability, porosity, degree of anisotropy, and sorption rates, we have approximated different types of coals. By varying operational parameters, such as injector length, injection well pressure, time to injection, and production well pressure, we can evaluate different production schemes to determine an optimum for each coal type. Any optimization requires considering a tradeoff between total methane produced (or CO 2 sequestered) and the rate of methane production. Values of aggregate methane production and methane production rate are presented for multiple coal types and different operational designs.

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Sams WN, Bromhal G, Odusote O, Jikich S, Ertekin T, Smith DH. Simulating Carbon Dioxide Sequestration/ECBM Production in Coal Seams: Effects of Coal Properties and Operational Parameters. In Proceedings - SPE Eastern Regional Meeting. 2002. p. 39-48