Simulating methane emissions from dairy farms

Dawn Sedorovich Chianese, Clarence Alan Rotz, Thomas Lehman Richard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

As a sector, agriculture is reported to be the third greatest contributor of methane in the U.S., emitting one-quarter of total emissions. The primary sources of methane on dairy farms are animals and manure storages with smaller contributions from field-applied manure, feces deposited by grazing animals, and manure on barn floors. The Integrated Farm System Model was expanded to include simulation of methane emissions from enteric fermentation and the other farm sources. In simulating a representative 100-cow dairy farm in Pennsylvania, the model predicted a total average annual emission of 20 Mg CH4. This included an average annual emission of 135 kg CH4 per cow from the Holstein herd and an average emission of 5.4 kg CH4 per m3 of stored slurry manure, which were very similar to previously reported emissions. This expanded whole-farm model can be effectively used to evaluate proposed methane reduction strategies along with their impact on other environmental and economic issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008
PublisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Pages3462-3482
Number of pages21
ISBN (Print)9781605605364
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008
EventAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008 - Providence, RI, United States
Duration: Jun 29 2008Jul 2 2008

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008
Volume6

Other

OtherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008
CountryUnited States
CityProvidence, RI
Period6/29/087/2/08

Fingerprint

Manure
Methane
dairy farming
methane
animal manures
Herbivory
Domestic Animals
farms
Agriculture
Feces
Fermentation
manure storage
cows
Economics
barns
Farms
animals
Holstein
feces
herds

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Chianese, D. S., Rotz, C. A., & Richard, T. L. (2008). Simulating methane emissions from dairy farms. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008 (pp. 3462-3482). (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008; Vol. 6). American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.
Chianese, Dawn Sedorovich ; Rotz, Clarence Alan ; Richard, Thomas Lehman. / Simulating methane emissions from dairy farms. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2008. pp. 3462-3482 (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008).
@inproceedings{615635383f724a04aad7506e6d7278de,
title = "Simulating methane emissions from dairy farms",
abstract = "As a sector, agriculture is reported to be the third greatest contributor of methane in the U.S., emitting one-quarter of total emissions. The primary sources of methane on dairy farms are animals and manure storages with smaller contributions from field-applied manure, feces deposited by grazing animals, and manure on barn floors. The Integrated Farm System Model was expanded to include simulation of methane emissions from enteric fermentation and the other farm sources. In simulating a representative 100-cow dairy farm in Pennsylvania, the model predicted a total average annual emission of 20 Mg CH4. This included an average annual emission of 135 kg CH4 per cow from the Holstein herd and an average emission of 5.4 kg CH4 per m3 of stored slurry manure, which were very similar to previously reported emissions. This expanded whole-farm model can be effectively used to evaluate proposed methane reduction strategies along with their impact on other environmental and economic issues.",
author = "Chianese, {Dawn Sedorovich} and Rotz, {Clarence Alan} and Richard, {Thomas Lehman}",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781605605364",
series = "American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008",
publisher = "American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers",
pages = "3462--3482",
booktitle = "American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008",
address = "United States",

}

Chianese, DS, Rotz, CA & Richard, TL 2008, Simulating methane emissions from dairy farms. in American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008, vol. 6, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, pp. 3462-3482, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, Providence, RI, United States, 6/29/08.

Simulating methane emissions from dairy farms. / Chianese, Dawn Sedorovich; Rotz, Clarence Alan; Richard, Thomas Lehman.

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2008. p. 3462-3482 (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008; Vol. 6).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Simulating methane emissions from dairy farms

AU - Chianese, Dawn Sedorovich

AU - Rotz, Clarence Alan

AU - Richard, Thomas Lehman

PY - 2008/1/1

Y1 - 2008/1/1

N2 - As a sector, agriculture is reported to be the third greatest contributor of methane in the U.S., emitting one-quarter of total emissions. The primary sources of methane on dairy farms are animals and manure storages with smaller contributions from field-applied manure, feces deposited by grazing animals, and manure on barn floors. The Integrated Farm System Model was expanded to include simulation of methane emissions from enteric fermentation and the other farm sources. In simulating a representative 100-cow dairy farm in Pennsylvania, the model predicted a total average annual emission of 20 Mg CH4. This included an average annual emission of 135 kg CH4 per cow from the Holstein herd and an average emission of 5.4 kg CH4 per m3 of stored slurry manure, which were very similar to previously reported emissions. This expanded whole-farm model can be effectively used to evaluate proposed methane reduction strategies along with their impact on other environmental and economic issues.

AB - As a sector, agriculture is reported to be the third greatest contributor of methane in the U.S., emitting one-quarter of total emissions. The primary sources of methane on dairy farms are animals and manure storages with smaller contributions from field-applied manure, feces deposited by grazing animals, and manure on barn floors. The Integrated Farm System Model was expanded to include simulation of methane emissions from enteric fermentation and the other farm sources. In simulating a representative 100-cow dairy farm in Pennsylvania, the model predicted a total average annual emission of 20 Mg CH4. This included an average annual emission of 135 kg CH4 per cow from the Holstein herd and an average emission of 5.4 kg CH4 per m3 of stored slurry manure, which were very similar to previously reported emissions. This expanded whole-farm model can be effectively used to evaluate proposed methane reduction strategies along with their impact on other environmental and economic issues.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=63249103092&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=63249103092&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:63249103092

SN - 9781605605364

T3 - American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008

SP - 3462

EP - 3482

BT - American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008

PB - American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers

ER -

Chianese DS, Rotz CA, Richard TL. Simulating methane emissions from dairy farms. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. 2008. p. 3462-3482. (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2008, ASABE 2008).