Simulation analysis of crop rotation effects on weed seedbanks

N. Jordan, D. A. Mortensen, D. M. Prenzlow, K. C. Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

A population-projection model was developed for a depth-structured weed seed population and plant survival and seed production. Abutilon theophrasti and Setaria viridis seedbank dynamics were simulated in continuous corn Zea mays and in two crop rotations (corn-soybean Glycine max and oat Avena sativa-clover Trifolium-corn-soybean-corn). Results suggest that crop rotation can nearly eliminate S. viridis seedbanks, while A. theophrasti seedbanks are less affected. Sensitivity analysis indicated that variation in seed survivorships over winter influenced population dynamics most strongly. Other seed survivorships were also highly influential, while plant survivorships and per-plant seed production had smaller effects. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-398
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of botany
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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    Jordan, N., Mortensen, D. A., Prenzlow, D. M., & Cox, K. C. (1995). Simulation analysis of crop rotation effects on weed seedbanks. American journal of botany, 82(3), 390-398. https://doi.org/10.2307/2445585