Simulation and validation of hydrogen sulfide removal from fan ventilated confined-space manure storages

Juan Zhao, Harvey B. Manbeck, Dennis J. Murphy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Confined-space manure storage entry is a major safety concern in the agricultural industry. Oxygen-deficient atmospheres as well as toxic and/or explosive gases (i.e., NH 3, H 2S, CH 4, and CO 2) often result from fermentation and accumulation of the stored manure in confined areas. These gases may create very hazardous conditions to farm workers who may need to enter these confined-space manure storages to work or perform maintenance. Hydrogen sulfide (H 2S), a highly toxic and irritating gas, was used as a tracer gas to investigate the effectiveness of forced ventilation strategies for eliminating the toxic and oxygen deficient atmospheres in confined-space manure storages. Validated Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeling protocols were used to simulate H2S evacuation from fan ventilated confined-space manure storages. The simulation studies were conducted for rectangular and round confined-space manure storages and the effects of pollutant source, inter-contamination, storage size (i.e., length, diameter), and air exchange rate on H 2S removal from fan ventilated confined-space manure storages were investigated. For the same air exchange rate, as the size (i.e., length, diameter) of manure storage increased, the rate of evacuation of the H 2S from the confined space decreased. For rectangular and round manure storages, the higher the air exchange rate, the higher the rate of evacuation of the H 2S from the confined space. For the geometries and ventilation system layouts simulated, evacuation times decreased exponentially with air exchange rate for the rectangular tanks. Evacuation times for the round tanks simulated decreased linearly with air exchange rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2007 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Technical Papers
Volume10 BOOK
StatePublished - 2007
Event2007 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Technical Papers - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: Jun 17 2007Jun 20 2007

Other

Other2007 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Technical Papers
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period6/17/076/20/07

Fingerprint

Confined Spaces
manure storage
Hydrogen Sulfide
Manure
Manures
hydrogen sulfide
fans (equipment)
Fans
Air
air
Poisons
gases
Gases
Atmosphere
Ventilation
oxygen
ventilation systems
Oxygen
farm labor
agricultural industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Zhao, J., Manbeck, H. B., & Murphy, D. J. (2007). Simulation and validation of hydrogen sulfide removal from fan ventilated confined-space manure storages. In 2007 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Technical Papers (Vol. 10 BOOK)
Zhao, Juan ; Manbeck, Harvey B. ; Murphy, Dennis J. / Simulation and validation of hydrogen sulfide removal from fan ventilated confined-space manure storages. 2007 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Technical Papers. Vol. 10 BOOK 2007.
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Zhao, J, Manbeck, HB & Murphy, DJ 2007, Simulation and validation of hydrogen sulfide removal from fan ventilated confined-space manure storages. in 2007 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Technical Papers. vol. 10 BOOK, 2007 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Technical Papers, Minneapolis, MN, United States, 6/17/07.

Simulation and validation of hydrogen sulfide removal from fan ventilated confined-space manure storages. / Zhao, Juan; Manbeck, Harvey B.; Murphy, Dennis J.

2007 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Technical Papers. Vol. 10 BOOK 2007.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Zhao J, Manbeck HB, Murphy DJ. Simulation and validation of hydrogen sulfide removal from fan ventilated confined-space manure storages. In 2007 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Technical Papers. Vol. 10 BOOK. 2007