Simulation of swirl in rocket nozzles at off-design pressure ratios

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this investigation, computational fluid dynamics simulations are employed to examine the effect of swirl on the flow field within a rocket nozzle. A fifteen degree, conical nozzle serves as the computational domain while the operating conditions at the inlet will contain swirl of varying strengths, while the outlet pressure is varied to produce a range of pressure ratios. The relative strength of these swirl velocities is varied using the revolutions per minute setting at the nozzle inlet. Pressure and velocity results are evaluated throughout the nozzle with particular attention paid to the location and strength of the shocks at the centerline and the nozzle wall. Results indicate that swirl has a minor effect on the shock strength in the diverging or supersonic portion of the nozzle while having a more pronounced effect upstream of the throat. The wall chamber pressure in the subsonic region is significantly increased in comparison to the non-swirling case.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 Joint Propulsion Conference
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105708
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Event54th AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, 2018 - Cincinnati, United States
Duration: Jul 9 2018Jul 11 2018

Publication series

Name2018 Joint Propulsion Conference

Conference

Conference54th AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, 2018
CountryUnited States
CityCincinnati
Period7/9/187/11/18

Fingerprint

Rocket nozzles
Nozzles
Flow fields
Computational fluid dynamics
Computer simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Maicke, B. A. (2018). Simulation of swirl in rocket nozzles at off-design pressure ratios. In 2018 Joint Propulsion Conference [AIAA 2018-4482] (2018 Joint Propulsion Conference). American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2018-4482
Maicke, Brian Allen. / Simulation of swirl in rocket nozzles at off-design pressure ratios. 2018 Joint Propulsion Conference. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 2018. (2018 Joint Propulsion Conference).
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Maicke, BA 2018, Simulation of swirl in rocket nozzles at off-design pressure ratios. in 2018 Joint Propulsion Conference., AIAA 2018-4482, 2018 Joint Propulsion Conference, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 54th AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, 2018, Cincinnati, United States, 7/9/18. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2018-4482

Simulation of swirl in rocket nozzles at off-design pressure ratios. / Maicke, Brian Allen.

2018 Joint Propulsion Conference. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 2018. AIAA 2018-4482 (2018 Joint Propulsion Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - In this investigation, computational fluid dynamics simulations are employed to examine the effect of swirl on the flow field within a rocket nozzle. A fifteen degree, conical nozzle serves as the computational domain while the operating conditions at the inlet will contain swirl of varying strengths, while the outlet pressure is varied to produce a range of pressure ratios. The relative strength of these swirl velocities is varied using the revolutions per minute setting at the nozzle inlet. Pressure and velocity results are evaluated throughout the nozzle with particular attention paid to the location and strength of the shocks at the centerline and the nozzle wall. Results indicate that swirl has a minor effect on the shock strength in the diverging or supersonic portion of the nozzle while having a more pronounced effect upstream of the throat. The wall chamber pressure in the subsonic region is significantly increased in comparison to the non-swirling case.

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Maicke BA. Simulation of swirl in rocket nozzles at off-design pressure ratios. In 2018 Joint Propulsion Conference. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. 2018. AIAA 2018-4482. (2018 Joint Propulsion Conference). https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2018-4482