Simulations of multi-phase particle deposition on endwall film-cooling holes in transverse trenches

Seth A. Lawson, Karen A. Thole

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants allow for increased efficiency and reduced emissions as compared to pulverized coal plants. A concern with IGCCs is that impurities in the fuel from the gasification of coal can deposit on turbine components reducing the performance of sophisticated film-cooling geometries. Studies have shown that recessing a row of film-cooling holes in a transverse trench can improve cooling performance; however, the question remains as to whether or not these improvements exist in severe environments such as when particle deposition occurs. Dynamic simulations of deposition were completed using wax injection in a large-scale vane cascade with endwall filmcooling. Endwall cooling effectiveness was quantified in two specific endwall locations using trenches with depths of 0.4D, 0.8D, and 1.2D, where D is the diameter of a film-cooling hole. The effects of trench depth, momentum flux ratio, and particle phase on adiabatic effectiveness were quantified using infrared thermography. Results showed that the 0.8D trench outperformed other geometries with and without deposition on the surface. Deposition of particles reduced the cooling effectiveness by as much as 15% at I = 0.23 with the trenched holes as compared to 30% for holes that were not placed in a transverse trench.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2011 Turbo Expo
Subtitle of host publicationTurbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011
Pages79-90
Number of pages12
EditionPARTS A AND B
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
EventASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: Jun 6 2011Jun 10 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
NumberPARTS A AND B
Volume5

Other

OtherASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011
CountryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period6/6/116/10/11

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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