We have developed the means to simultaneously measure the physical size and count catecholamine molecules in individual nanometer transmitter vesicles. This is done by combining resistive pulse (RP) measurements in a nanopore pipet and vesicle impact electrochemical cytometry (VIEC) at an electrode as the vesicle exits the nanopore. Analysis of freshly isolated bovine adrenal vesicles shows that the size and internal catecholamine concentration of vesicles varies with the occurrence of a dense core inside the vesicles. These results might benefit the understanding about the vesicles maturation, especially involving the "sorting by retention"process and concentration increase of intravesicular catecholamine. The methodology is applicable to understanding soft nanoparticle collisions on electrodes, vesicles in exocytosis and phagocytosis, intracellular vesicle transport, and analysis of electroactive drugs in exosomes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry