Simultaneous teleseismic and geodetic observations of the stick-slip motion of an Antarctic ice stream

Douglas A. Wiens, Sridhar Anandakrishnan, J. Paul Winberry, Matt A. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Long-period seismic sources associated with glacier motion have been recently discovered, and an increase in ice flow over the past decade has been suggested on the basis of secular changes in such measurements. Their significance, however, remains uncertain, as a relationship to ice flow has not been confirmed by direct observation. Here we combine long-period surface-wave observations with simultaneous Global Positioning System measurements of ice displacement to study the tidally modulated stick-slip motion of the Whillans Ice Stream in West Antarctica. The seismic origin time corresponds to slip nucleation at a region of the bed of the Whillans Ice Stream that is likely stronger than in surrounding regions and, thus, acts like an 'asperity' in traditional fault models. In addition to the initial pulse, two seismic arrivals occurring 10-23 minutes later represent stopping phases as the slip terminates at the ice stream edge and the grounding line. Seismic amplitude and average rupture velocity are correlated with tidal amplitude for the different slip events during the spring-to-neap tidal cycle. Although the total seismic moment calculated from ice rigidity, slip displacement, and rupture area is equivalent to an earthquake of moment magnitude seven (Mw 7), seismic amplitudes are modest (Ms 3.6-4.2), owing to the source duration of 20-30 minutes. Seismic radiation from ice movement is proportional to the derivative of the moment rate function at periods of 25-100 seconds and very long-period radiation is not detected, owing to the source geometry. Long-period seismic waves are thus useful for detecting and studying sudden ice movements but are insensitive to the total amount of slip.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)770-774
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume453
Issue number7196
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 5 2008

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Ice
Rupture
Radiation
Ice Cover
Geographic Information Systems
Earthquakes
Observation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Wiens, Douglas A. ; Anandakrishnan, Sridhar ; Winberry, J. Paul ; King, Matt A. / Simultaneous teleseismic and geodetic observations of the stick-slip motion of an Antarctic ice stream. In: Nature. 2008 ; Vol. 453, No. 7196. pp. 770-774.
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Simultaneous teleseismic and geodetic observations of the stick-slip motion of an Antarctic ice stream. / Wiens, Douglas A.; Anandakrishnan, Sridhar; Winberry, J. Paul; King, Matt A.

In: Nature, Vol. 453, No. 7196, 05.06.2008, p. 770-774.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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