Simultaneous temperature and species measurements of the Glycidyl Azide polymer (GAP) propellant during laser-induced decomposition

Ching Jen Tang, Youngjoo Lee, Thomas A. Litzinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simultaneous temperature and species measurements were performed to experimentally investigate thermal decomposition of cured Glycidyl Azide Polymer (GAP). Experiments were conducted at atmospheric pressure in argon with heat fluxes of 50, 100, and 200 W/cm2 delivered by CO2 laser. A micro- probe/triple quadrupole mass spectrometer system was used to analyze species products, and thermocouples were used to measure temperature. The burning behavior was monitored by a high-magnification video system. The following major species, in descending order of abundance, were detected: N2, HCN, CO, CH2O, NH3, CH3CHO, CH2CHCHNH, CH3CHNH, H2O, CH4, and C2H4. The mole fraction of hydrocarbons was about 0.02, while the mole fraction of imines was 0.09. The decomposition of GAP appeared to be dominated by the condensed phase chemistry and few reactions occurred in the gas phase. A significant amount of fine solid powder was observed in the gas phase, which was believed to be imines. It was found that the species and temperature were insensitive to the heat flux level. The mole fractions of the observed species at a heat flux 100 W/cm2 were almost the same as those at a heat flux of 200 W/cm2, and the surface temperature was approximately 1050 K at both heat fluxes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-256
Number of pages13
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume117
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1999

Fingerprint

propellants
Propellants
temperature measurement
Heat flux
heat flux
Decomposition
decomposition
Lasers
Polymers
Imines
lasers
imines
Temperature
Gases
vapor phases
Argon
Mass spectrometers
Carbon Monoxide
thermocouples
Hydrocarbons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Simultaneous temperature and species measurements of the Glycidyl Azide polymer (GAP) propellant during laser-induced decomposition",
abstract = "Simultaneous temperature and species measurements were performed to experimentally investigate thermal decomposition of cured Glycidyl Azide Polymer (GAP). Experiments were conducted at atmospheric pressure in argon with heat fluxes of 50, 100, and 200 W/cm2 delivered by CO2 laser. A micro- probe/triple quadrupole mass spectrometer system was used to analyze species products, and thermocouples were used to measure temperature. The burning behavior was monitored by a high-magnification video system. The following major species, in descending order of abundance, were detected: N2, HCN, CO, CH2O, NH3, CH3CHO, CH2CHCHNH, CH3CHNH, H2O, CH4, and C2H4. The mole fraction of hydrocarbons was about 0.02, while the mole fraction of imines was 0.09. The decomposition of GAP appeared to be dominated by the condensed phase chemistry and few reactions occurred in the gas phase. A significant amount of fine solid powder was observed in the gas phase, which was believed to be imines. It was found that the species and temperature were insensitive to the heat flux level. The mole fractions of the observed species at a heat flux 100 W/cm2 were almost the same as those at a heat flux of 200 W/cm2, and the surface temperature was approximately 1050 K at both heat fluxes.",
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Simultaneous temperature and species measurements of the Glycidyl Azide polymer (GAP) propellant during laser-induced decomposition. / Tang, Ching Jen; Lee, Youngjoo; Litzinger, Thomas A.

In: Combustion and Flame, Vol. 117, No. 1-2, 01.04.1999, p. 244-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Simultaneous temperature and species measurements were performed to experimentally investigate thermal decomposition of cured Glycidyl Azide Polymer (GAP). Experiments were conducted at atmospheric pressure in argon with heat fluxes of 50, 100, and 200 W/cm2 delivered by CO2 laser. A micro- probe/triple quadrupole mass spectrometer system was used to analyze species products, and thermocouples were used to measure temperature. The burning behavior was monitored by a high-magnification video system. The following major species, in descending order of abundance, were detected: N2, HCN, CO, CH2O, NH3, CH3CHO, CH2CHCHNH, CH3CHNH, H2O, CH4, and C2H4. The mole fraction of hydrocarbons was about 0.02, while the mole fraction of imines was 0.09. The decomposition of GAP appeared to be dominated by the condensed phase chemistry and few reactions occurred in the gas phase. A significant amount of fine solid powder was observed in the gas phase, which was believed to be imines. It was found that the species and temperature were insensitive to the heat flux level. The mole fractions of the observed species at a heat flux 100 W/cm2 were almost the same as those at a heat flux of 200 W/cm2, and the surface temperature was approximately 1050 K at both heat fluxes.

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