Single giant vesicle rupture events reveal multiple mechanisms of glass-supported bilayer formation

Chiho Hamai, Paul S. Cremer, Siegfried M. Musser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The formation of supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) on glass from giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) was studied using fluorescence microscopy. We show that GUV rupture occurs by at least four mechanisms, including 1), spontaneous rupture of isolated GUVs yielding almost heart-shaped bilayer patches (asymmetric rupture); 2), spontaneous rupture of isolated GUVs yielding circular bilayer patches (symmetric rupture); 3), induced rupture of an incoming vesicle when it contacts a planar bilayer edge; and 4), induced rupture of an adsorbed GUV when a nearby GUV spontaneously ruptures. In pathway 1, the dominant rupture pathway for isolated GUVs, GUVs deformed upon adsorption to the glass surface, and planar bilayer patch formation was initiated by rupture pore formation near the rim of the glass-bilayer interface. Expanding rupture pores led to planar bilayer formation in ∼ 10-20 ms. Rupture probability per unit time depended on the average intrinsic curvature of the component lipids. The membrane leaflet adsorbed to the glass surface in planar bilayer patches originated from the outer leaflet of GUVs. Pathway 2 was rarely observed. We surmise that SLB formation is predominantly initiated by pathway 1 rupture events, and that rupture events occurring by pathways 3 and 4 dominate during later stages of SLB formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1988-1999
Number of pages12
JournalBiophysical journal
Volume92
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2007

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Unilamellar Liposomes
Glass
Rupture
Lipid Bilayers
Spontaneous Rupture
Fluorescence Microscopy
Adsorption
Lipids
Membranes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics

Cite this

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abstract = "The formation of supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) on glass from giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) was studied using fluorescence microscopy. We show that GUV rupture occurs by at least four mechanisms, including 1), spontaneous rupture of isolated GUVs yielding almost heart-shaped bilayer patches (asymmetric rupture); 2), spontaneous rupture of isolated GUVs yielding circular bilayer patches (symmetric rupture); 3), induced rupture of an incoming vesicle when it contacts a planar bilayer edge; and 4), induced rupture of an adsorbed GUV when a nearby GUV spontaneously ruptures. In pathway 1, the dominant rupture pathway for isolated GUVs, GUVs deformed upon adsorption to the glass surface, and planar bilayer patch formation was initiated by rupture pore formation near the rim of the glass-bilayer interface. Expanding rupture pores led to planar bilayer formation in ∼ 10-20 ms. Rupture probability per unit time depended on the average intrinsic curvature of the component lipids. The membrane leaflet adsorbed to the glass surface in planar bilayer patches originated from the outer leaflet of GUVs. Pathway 2 was rarely observed. We surmise that SLB formation is predominantly initiated by pathway 1 rupture events, and that rupture events occurring by pathways 3 and 4 dominate during later stages of SLB formation.",
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Single giant vesicle rupture events reveal multiple mechanisms of glass-supported bilayer formation. / Hamai, Chiho; Cremer, Paul S.; Musser, Siegfried M.

In: Biophysical journal, Vol. 92, No. 6, 03.2007, p. 1988-1999.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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