Single-molecule correlated chemical probing of RNA

Philip J. Homan, Oleg V. Favorov, Christopher A. Lavender, Olcay Kursun, Xiyuan Ge, Steven Busan, Nikolay V. Dokholyan, Kevin M. Weeks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Complex higher-order RNA structures play critical roles in all facets of gene expression; however, the through-space interaction networks that define tertiary structures and govern sampling of multiple conformations are poorly understood. Here we describe single-molecule RNA structure analysis in which multiple sites of chemical modification are identified in single RNA strands by massively parallel sequencing and then analyzed for correlated and clustered interactions. The strategy thus identifies RNA interaction groups by mutational profiling (RING-MaP) and makes possible two expansive applications. First, we identify through-space interactions, create 3D models for RNAs spanning 80-265 nucleotides, and characterize broad classes of intramolecular interactions that stabilize RNA. Second, we distinguish distinct conformations in solution ensembles and reveal previously undetected hidden states and large-scale structural reconfigurations that occur in unfolded RNAs relative to native states. RING-MaP single-molecule nucleic acid structure interrogation enables concise and facile analysis of the global architectures and multiple conformations that govern function in RNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13858-13863
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume111
Issue number38
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 23 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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    Homan, P. J., Favorov, O. V., Lavender, C. A., Kursun, O., Ge, X., Busan, S., Dokholyan, N. V., & Weeks, K. M. (2014). Single-molecule correlated chemical probing of RNA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(38), 13858-13863. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1407306111