Single-particle and many-body analyses of a quasiperiodic integrable system after a quench

Kai He, Lea F. Santos, Tod M. Wright, Marcos Rigol

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Abstract

In general, isolated integrable quantum systems have been found to relax to an apparent equilibrium state in which the expectation values of few-body observables are described by the generalized Gibbs ensemble. However, recent work has shown that relaxation to such a generalized statistical ensemble can be precluded by localization in a quasiperiodic lattice system. Here we undertake complementary single-particle and many-body analyses of noninteracting spinless fermions and hard-core bosons within the Aubry-André model to gain insight into this phenomenon. Our investigations span both the localized and delocalized regimes of the quasiperiodic system, as well as the critical point separating the two. Considering first the case of spinless fermions, we study the dynamics of the momentum distribution function and characterize the effects of real-space and momentum-space localization on the relevant single-particle wave functions and correlation functions. We show that although some observables do not relax in the delocalized and localized regimes, the observables that do relax in these regimes do so in a manner consistent with a recently proposed Gaussian equilibration scenario, whereas relaxation at the critical point has a more exotic character. We also construct various statistical ensembles from the many-body eigenstates of the fermionic and bosonic Hamiltonians and study the effect of localization on their properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number063637
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume87
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 26 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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