Single-particle measurements of phase partitioning between primary and secondary organic aerosols

Ellis Shipley Robinson, Neil M. Donahue, Adam T. Ahern, Qing Ye, Eric Lipsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organic aerosols provide a measure of complexity in the urban atmosphere. This is because the aerosols start as an external mixture, with many populations from varied local sources, that all interact with each other, with background aerosols, and with condensing vapors from secondary organic aerosol formation. The externally mixed particle populations start to evolve immediately after emission because the organic molecules constituting the particles also form thermodynamic mixtures-solutions-in which a large fraction of the constituents are semi-volatile. The external mixtures are thus well out of thermodynamic equilibrium, with very different activities for many constituents, and yet also have the capacity to relax toward equilibrium via gas-phase exchange of semi-volatile vapors. Here we describe experiments employing quantitative single-particle mass spectrometry designed to explore the extent to which various primary organic aerosol particle populations can interact with each other or with secondary organic aerosols representative of background aerosol populations. These methods allow us to determine when these populations will and when they will not mix with each other, and then to constrain the timescales for that mixing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-49
Number of pages19
JournalFaraday Discussions
Volume189
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Aerosols
aerosols
Vapors
Thermodynamics
vapors
condensing
particle mass
thermodynamic equilibrium
Mass spectrometry
mass spectroscopy
Gases
vapor phases
atmospheres
thermodynamics
Molecules
molecules
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Robinson, Ellis Shipley ; Donahue, Neil M. ; Ahern, Adam T. ; Ye, Qing ; Lipsky, Eric. / Single-particle measurements of phase partitioning between primary and secondary organic aerosols. In: Faraday Discussions. 2016 ; Vol. 189. pp. 31-49.
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Single-particle measurements of phase partitioning between primary and secondary organic aerosols. / Robinson, Ellis Shipley; Donahue, Neil M.; Ahern, Adam T.; Ye, Qing; Lipsky, Eric.

In: Faraday Discussions, Vol. 189, 01.01.2016, p. 31-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Donahue, Neil M.

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AB - Organic aerosols provide a measure of complexity in the urban atmosphere. This is because the aerosols start as an external mixture, with many populations from varied local sources, that all interact with each other, with background aerosols, and with condensing vapors from secondary organic aerosol formation. The externally mixed particle populations start to evolve immediately after emission because the organic molecules constituting the particles also form thermodynamic mixtures-solutions-in which a large fraction of the constituents are semi-volatile. The external mixtures are thus well out of thermodynamic equilibrium, with very different activities for many constituents, and yet also have the capacity to relax toward equilibrium via gas-phase exchange of semi-volatile vapors. Here we describe experiments employing quantitative single-particle mass spectrometry designed to explore the extent to which various primary organic aerosol particle populations can interact with each other or with secondary organic aerosols representative of background aerosol populations. These methods allow us to determine when these populations will and when they will not mix with each other, and then to constrain the timescales for that mixing.

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