PURPOSE: To determine the sensitivity, specificity, and charges associated with single-specimen bile cytologic study in patients with obstructive jaundice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with presumed malignant biliary strictures underwent percutaneous biliary drainage (PBD). Cytologic evaluation was performed on a single bile specimen from each patient collected at the time of the PBD. Final diagnoses were obtained from either percutaneous (n = 14) or surgical (n = 66) histologic specimens (gold standard). Both data sets were then compared to determine the sensitivity and specificity of bile cytology. The charges associated with bile cytodiagnosis were compared to those for other biopsy procedures utilized in the same setting. RESULTS: Eighty bile specimens were obtained with a mean of 14 mL (range, 3-65 mL) per patient with 79 (99%) specimens adequate for cytologic processing. Eleven (13%) specimens were acellular. The overall sensitivity was 15% and specificity was 100%; these values were not dependent on the volume of the bile specimen (P > .10) or type of malignancy (P = .10). For bile cytodiagnosis, the mean charge was $160 and the successful biopsy rate (true-positive plus true-negative results/total number procedures) was 27%. CONCLUSION: Single-specimen bile cytology has a low sensitivity; however, because of its convenience, simplicity, atraumatic nature, and low relative charge versus comparable procedures, it may be useful as an adjunct to PBD in patients with suspected malignant biliary disease.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine