BACKGROUND: A double anastomosis using a single superficial temporal artery (STA) donor branch for both a proximal side-to-side (S2S) and a distal end-to-side anastomosis is a novel direct bypass technique for use in selected patients necessitating flow augmentation. OBJECTIVE: To describe the single-vessel double anastomosis (SVDA) technique, including its indications, advantages, and limitations, in addition to reporting our cases series of patients who underwent a SVDA bypass surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing a SVDA bypass at a single institution between January 2010 and February 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Intraoperative flow data was collected, including STA cut-flow, bypass flows, and cut flow index (CFI). Bypass patency was assessed by cerebral angiography and quantitative magnetic resonance angiography with noninvasive optimal vessel analysis. Adverse events occurring during the hospital stay and clinical status at last follow up was recorded. RESULTS: Seven patients underwent SVDA bypass. Mean follow-up was 14.5 mo. Initial CFI for the S2S bypasses averaged 0.56 ± 0.25 and CFI after the SVDA averaged 1.15 ± 0.24. There was a statistically significant average difference in CFI before and after the SVDA bypass (p <. 013). Thirteen bypasses (93%) were patent postoperatively, and remained patent at last follow up. Four patients experienced various postoperative complications. None of the patients had a new stroke since hospital discharge. CONCLUSION: SVDA is a novel technique that can be advantageous for selected cases of extracranial-to-intracranial bypass. Expertise in bypass procedures is a necessary prerequisite. Graft patency rates and complications appear comparable to other bypass techniques.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology