The reversible inhibition of Photosystem II by salicylaldoxime was studied in spinach D-10 particles by fluorescence, optical absorption, and electron spin resonance spectroscopy. In the presence of 15 mM salicylaldoxime, the initial fluorescence yield was raised to the level of the maximum fluorescence, indicating efficient charge recombination between reduced pheophytin (Ph) and P680+. In agreement with the rapid (ns) backreaction expected between Ph- and P680+, the optical absorption transient at 820 mm was not observed. When the particles were washed free of salicylaldoxime, the optical absorption transient resulting from the rereduction of P680+ was restored to the μs timescale. These results, along with the previously observed inhibition of electron transport reactions and diminution of the 515-nm absorption change in chloroplasts [Golbeck, J.H. (1980) Arch Biochem Biophys 202, 458-466], are consistent with a site of inhibition between Ph and QA in Photosystem II. ESR Signal IIf and Signal Its were abolished in the presence of 25 mM salicylaldoxime, but both signals could be recovered by washing the D-10 particles free of the inhibitor. The loss of Signal Ilf is most likely a consequence of the inhibition between Ph and QA; the rapid charge recombination between Ph- and P680+ would preclude electron transfer from an electron donor on the oxidizing side of Photosystem II. The loss of Signal Its may be due to a change in the environment of the donor complex such that the semiquinone radical giving rise to Signal Its interacts with a nearby reductant.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science
- Cell Biology