We present here a simple solvothermal method to fabricate metal-organic framework NH2-MIL-53(Al) crystals with controllable size and morphology just by altering the ratio of water in the DMF-water mixed solvent system without the addition of any surfactants or capping agents. With increasing the volume ratio of water in the mixed solvents, a series of NH 2-MIL-53(Al) crystals with different sizes and morphologies were synthesized. The average size of the smallest crystal is 76 ± 20 nm, which provides us a simple and environmentally friendly way to prepare nanoscale MOFs. The largest BET surface area of these samples is 1882 m2 g-1 that is mainly contributed by its micropore surface area, and its corresponding micropore volume is 0.83 cm3 g-1, which have greatly extended its application in the fields of gas adsorption and postsynthetic modification. All these samples were characterized by SEM, XRD, N2 adsorption/desorption, TGA and FT-IR. Then a mechanism for the impact of the water ratio on the crystal size and morphology is presented and discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Inorganic Chemistry