Size-dependent exchange bias in La0.25 Ca0.75 Mn O3 nanoparticles

X. H. Huang, J. F. Ding, G. Q. Zhang, Ying Hou, Y. P. Yao, X. G. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exchange bias phenomena are observed in La0.25 Ca0.75 Mn O3 nanoparticles with average sizes ranging from 40 to 1000 nm. It is found that the magnetic hysteresis loops display horizontal and vertical shifts in field-cooled processes. The variations of the exchange bias field (HEB) and the coercivity (Hc) with particle size follow nonmonotonic dependencies and show maxima for particles with diameter around 80 nm at T=5 K, which can be mainly ascribed to the changes in uncompensated surface spins with nanoparticle size. The peak position for Hc shifts to larger particle size at higher temperature while that for HEB is unconspicuous. The linear relationship between HEB and vertical magnetization shift (MEB) further indicates that the characteristics of uncompensated spins play an important role in the variations of HEB for the manganite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number224408
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume78
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Fingerprint

Particle size
Nanoparticles
Magnetic hysteresis
nanoparticles
Hysteresis loops
Coercive force
shift
Magnetization
coercivity
hysteresis
Temperature
magnetization
manganite

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Huang, X. H. ; Ding, J. F. ; Zhang, G. Q. ; Hou, Ying ; Yao, Y. P. ; Li, X. G. / Size-dependent exchange bias in La0.25 Ca0.75 Mn O3 nanoparticles. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2008 ; Vol. 78, No. 22.
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Size-dependent exchange bias in La0.25 Ca0.75 Mn O3 nanoparticles. / Huang, X. H.; Ding, J. F.; Zhang, G. Q.; Hou, Ying; Yao, Y. P.; Li, X. G.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 78, No. 22, 224408, 01.12.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Size-dependent exchange bias in La0.25 Ca0.75 Mn O3 nanoparticles

AU - Huang, X. H.

AU - Ding, J. F.

AU - Zhang, G. Q.

AU - Hou, Ying

AU - Yao, Y. P.

AU - Li, X. G.

PY - 2008/12/1

Y1 - 2008/12/1

N2 - Exchange bias phenomena are observed in La0.25 Ca0.75 Mn O3 nanoparticles with average sizes ranging from 40 to 1000 nm. It is found that the magnetic hysteresis loops display horizontal and vertical shifts in field-cooled processes. The variations of the exchange bias field (HEB) and the coercivity (Hc) with particle size follow nonmonotonic dependencies and show maxima for particles with diameter around 80 nm at T=5 K, which can be mainly ascribed to the changes in uncompensated surface spins with nanoparticle size. The peak position for Hc shifts to larger particle size at higher temperature while that for HEB is unconspicuous. The linear relationship between HEB and vertical magnetization shift (MEB) further indicates that the characteristics of uncompensated spins play an important role in the variations of HEB for the manganite.

AB - Exchange bias phenomena are observed in La0.25 Ca0.75 Mn O3 nanoparticles with average sizes ranging from 40 to 1000 nm. It is found that the magnetic hysteresis loops display horizontal and vertical shifts in field-cooled processes. The variations of the exchange bias field (HEB) and the coercivity (Hc) with particle size follow nonmonotonic dependencies and show maxima for particles with diameter around 80 nm at T=5 K, which can be mainly ascribed to the changes in uncompensated surface spins with nanoparticle size. The peak position for Hc shifts to larger particle size at higher temperature while that for HEB is unconspicuous. The linear relationship between HEB and vertical magnetization shift (MEB) further indicates that the characteristics of uncompensated spins play an important role in the variations of HEB for the manganite.

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