Emerging findings suggest that two lineages of mitochondrial Ca 2+ uptake par ticipate during active and resting states: 1) the major eukaryotic membrane potential-dependent mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter and 2) the evolutionarily conserved exchangers and solute carriers, which are also involved in ion transport. Although the influx of Ca2+ across the inner mitochondrial membrane maintains metabolic functions and cell death signal transduction, the mechanisms that regulate mitochondrial Ca2+ accumulation are unclear. Solute carriers - solute carrier 25A23 (SLC25A23), SLC25A24, and SLC25A25 - represent a family of EF-hand-containing mitochondrial proteins that transport Mg-ATP/Pi across the inner membrane. RNA interference-mediated knockdown of SLC25A23 but not SLC25A24 and SLC25A25 decreases mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake and reduces cytosolic Ca 2+ clearance after histamine stimulation. Ectopic expression of SLC25A23 EF-hand-domain mutants exhibits a dominant-negative phenotype of reduced mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake. In addition, SLC25A23 interacts with mito chondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU; CCDC109A) and MICU1 (CBARA1) while also increasing IMCU. In addition, SLC25A23 knockdown lowers basal mROS accumulation, attenuates oxidant-induced ATP decline, and reduces cell death. Further, reconstitution with short hairpin RNA-insensitive SLC25A23 cDNA restores mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake and superoxide production. These findings indicate that SLC25A23 plays an important role in mitochondrial matrix Ca2+ influx.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology