Sleep disruption as a correlate to cognitive and adaptive behavior problems in autism spectrum disorders

Matthew A. Taylor, Kimberly Anne Schreck, James A. Mulick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sleep problems associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been well documented, but less is known about the effects of sleep problems on day-time cognitive and adaptive performance in this population. Children diagnosed with autism or pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) (N= 335) from 1 to 10 years of age (M= 5.5 years) were evaluated for the relationships of Behavioral Evaluation of Disorders of Sleep (BEDS; Schreck, 1998) scores to measures of intelligence and adaptive behavior. Results suggested that children who slept fewer hours per night had lower overall intelligence, verbal skills, overall adaptive functioning, daily living skills, socialization skills, and motor development. Children who slept fewer hours at night with waking during the night had more communication problems. Breathing related sleep problems and fewer hours of sleep related most often to problems with perceptual tasks. The results indicate that quality of sleep - especially sleep duration - may be related to problems with day-time cognitive and adaptive functioning in children with autism and PDD-NOS. However, future research must be conducted to further understand these relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1408-1417
Number of pages10
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

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Psychological Adaptation
Sleep
Autistic Disorder
Intelligence
Motor Skills
Socialization
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Respiration
Communication
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

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Sleep disruption as a correlate to cognitive and adaptive behavior problems in autism spectrum disorders. / Taylor, Matthew A.; Schreck, Kimberly Anne; Mulick, James A.

In: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Vol. 33, No. 5, 01.09.2012, p. 1408-1417.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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