Sleep: Important considerations for the prevention of cardiovascular disease

Michael A. Grandner, Pamela Alfonso-Miller, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Safal Shetty, Sundeep Shenoy, Daniel Combs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review Sleep plays many roles in maintenance of cardiovascular health. This review summarizes the literature across several areas of sleep and sleep disorders in relation to cardiometabolic disease risk factors. Recent findings Insufficient sleep duration is prevalent in the population and is associated with weight gain and obesity, inflammation, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and mortality. Insomnia is also highly present and represents an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, especially when accompanied by short sleep duration. Sleep apnea is a well-characterized risk factor for cardiometabolic disease and cardiovascular mortality. Other issues are relevant as well. For example, sleep disorders in pediatric populations may convey cardiovascular risks. Also, sleep may play an important role in cardiovascular health disparities. Summary Sleep and sleep disorders are implicated in cardiometabolic disease risk. This review addresses these and other issues, concluding with recommendations for research and clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-565
Number of pages15
JournalCurrent Opinion in Cardiology
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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