Abstract

Sleep quality impacts virtually all aspects of life, including health, mood, emotions, cognition, memory, behavior, and performance. Actigraphy offers a lower-cost alternative to conventional polysomnography (PSG), the gold standard for measuring sleep quality. Effective use of actigraphy for assessing sleep quality requires reliable methods for detecting sleep/wake states from actigraphy measurements. Machine learning offers a promising approach to building sleep/wake state detectors from actigraphy data. However, current machine learning approaches rely on expert labeled training data that can be expensive and laborious to acquire. In this work, we introduce a novel approach for integrating unsupervised learning algorithms and domain knowledge heuristics, based on statistical properties of clustered sleep and wake epochs, to develop reliable sleep/wake state prediction models using unlabeled wrist actigraphy data. Experimental results using a dataset of 37 participants and covering 282 sleeping periods demonstrate the viability of the proposed approach on developing sleep/wake state detection models from unlabeled actigraphy data with a predictive performance that is comparable with the performance of models developed using some state-of-the-art supervised learning algorithms applied to labeled actigraphy data. Our results lay the groundwork for developing fully automated machine learning models for sleep/wake state prediction and sleep parameters estimations by eliminating the need for costly and labor-intensive expert annotations of PSG recordings for labeling actigraphy data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017
EditorsIllhoi Yoo, Jane Huiru Zheng, Yang Gong, Xiaohua Tony Hu, Chi-Ren Shyu, Yana Bromberg, Jean Gao, Dmitry Korkin
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages718-723
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509030491
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2017
Event2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017 - Kansas City, United States
Duration: Nov 13 2017Nov 16 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017
Volume2017-January

Other

Other2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017
CountryUnited States
CityKansas City
Period11/13/1711/16/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics

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  • Cite this

    El-Manzalawy, Y., Buxton, O., & Honavar, V. (2017). Sleep/wake state prediction and sleep parameter estimation using unsupervised classification via clustering. In I. Yoo, J. H. Zheng, Y. Gong, X. T. Hu, C-R. Shyu, Y. Bromberg, J. Gao, & D. Korkin (Eds.), Proceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017 (pp. 718-723). (Proceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017; Vol. 2017-January). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/BIBM.2017.8217742