Small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) was used to measure the microstructure of isotopic mixtures of He3 and He4 adsorbed into silica aerogels as a function of temperature and He3 concentration. The SAXS measurements could be well described by the formation of a nearly pure film of He4 which separates from the bulk mixture onto the aerogel strands and which thickens with decreasing temperature. Previous observations of a superfluid He3 -rich phase are consistent with superfluidity existing within this film phase. Observed differences between different density aerogels are explained in terms of the depletion of He4 from the bulk mixture due to film formation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - Jul 12 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics