Small-angle x-ray scattering measurements of the microstructure of liquid helium mixtures adsorbed in aerogel

L. B. Lurio, N. Mulders, M. Paetkau, M. H.W. Chan, S. G.J. Mochrie

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) was used to measure the microstructure of isotopic mixtures of He3 and He4 adsorbed into silica aerogels as a function of temperature and He3 concentration. The SAXS measurements could be well described by the formation of a nearly pure film of He4 which separates from the bulk mixture onto the aerogel strands and which thickens with decreasing temperature. Previous observations of a superfluid He3 -rich phase are consistent with superfluidity existing within this film phase. Observed differences between different density aerogels are explained in terms of the depletion of He4 from the bulk mixture due to film formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number011506
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume76
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 12 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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