We describe how sp2 carbon, threefold coordinated by other carbons, can be replaced by sp3 carbon, also threefold carbon coordinated, to produce extremely small-diameter (∼0.4nm) carbon nanowires with only minimal bond-angle distortion. Under a naming convention analogous to that for ordinary carbon nanotubes, the smallest sp3 tubes have wrapping indices (3,0) and (2,2). These systems have large band gaps and a stiffness larger even than that of traditional sp2-bonded carbon nanotubes. They therefore form the stiffest one-dimensional systems known.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)