Smoking behavior among French and American women

Gary King, Danielle Grizeau, Robert Bendel, Christiane Dressen, Steven R. Delaronde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. This paper presents an analysis of the sociodemographic factors related to cigarette smoking prevalence and the number of cigarettes smoked daily among nationally representative samples of 18- to 64-year-old French (n = 1,956) and American (n = 20,234) women. Methods. This analysis combines 2 separate years (1992 and 1993) of data collected by the National Health Interview Survey in the United States and the Comite Francais d'Education pour la Sante in France. Weighted data analysis of the effects of age, employment status, education, and socioprofessional status was conducted using both SPSS and the SUDAAN complex sample survey analysis program. Results. The prevalence of smoking among French female smokers was significantly higher than among American women (30.8% vs 26.3%) and particularly among the younger age groups. However, the average number of cigarettes smoked per day was appreciably and significantly lower for French women (12.3) than for American women (18.2). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed statistically significant interaction terms differentiating the impact of marital status, age, and education on the smoking status of French and American women, as well as the sociodemographic determinants of the number of cigarettes smoked. Education was inversely related to smoking among American women but positively associated with the smoking behavior of French women. Conclusions. Differences in the smoking behavior of French and American women support the view that sociodemographic factors do not affect the smoking behavior of women in Western industrialized countries similarly and reinforce the importance of international public health measures targeting the increasing rate of smoking among women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)520-529
Number of pages10
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

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Smoking
Tobacco Products
Education
Marital Status
Health Surveys
Developed Countries
Statistical Factor Analysis
France
Public Health
Age Groups
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Interviews

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

King, G., Grizeau, D., Bendel, R., Dressen, C., & Delaronde, S. R. (1998). Smoking behavior among French and American women. Preventive Medicine, 27(4), 520-529. https://doi.org/10.1006/pmed.1998.0332
King, Gary ; Grizeau, Danielle ; Bendel, Robert ; Dressen, Christiane ; Delaronde, Steven R. / Smoking behavior among French and American women. In: Preventive Medicine. 1998 ; Vol. 27, No. 4. pp. 520-529.
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King, G, Grizeau, D, Bendel, R, Dressen, C & Delaronde, SR 1998, 'Smoking behavior among French and American women', Preventive Medicine, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 520-529. https://doi.org/10.1006/pmed.1998.0332

Smoking behavior among French and American women. / King, Gary; Grizeau, Danielle; Bendel, Robert; Dressen, Christiane; Delaronde, Steven R.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 27, No. 4, 01.01.1998, p. 520-529.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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King G, Grizeau D, Bendel R, Dressen C, Delaronde SR. Smoking behavior among French and American women. Preventive Medicine. 1998 Jan 1;27(4):520-529. https://doi.org/10.1006/pmed.1998.0332