Social skills differences among Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder types in a chat room assessment task

Amori Yee Mikami, Cynthia L. Huang-Pollock, Linda J. Pfiffner, Keith McBurnett, Dana Hangai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study assessed social skills in 116 children aged 7-12 with ADHD-Combined Type (ADHD-C; n=33), ADHD-Inattentive Type (ADHD-I; n=45), and comparison children (n=38), with consideration of the role sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms play in distinguishing profiles. Social skills were assessed using a novel computerized chat room task, in which participants were encouraged to join a conversation and type messages to interact with four computer-simulated peers. Every participant received the identical stimulus from the simulated peers, but was free to respond to it in his or her own unique way. Relative to comparison children, children with ADHD-C made off-topic and hostile responses; children with ADHD-I made off-topic responses, few responses and showed poor memory for the conversation. ADHD subtype differences remained after statistical control of IQ, reading achievement, typing skill, and comorbid disruptive behavior disorders. SCT symptoms, most prevalent among children with ADHD-I, predicted a distinct pattern of social withdrawal and lower hostility. Parent and teacher ratings and in-vivo observations of social skills correlate with this new measure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-521
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2007

Fingerprint

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Hostility
Social Skills
Reading

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Mikami, Amori Yee ; Huang-Pollock, Cynthia L. ; Pfiffner, Linda J. ; McBurnett, Keith ; Hangai, Dana. / Social skills differences among Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder types in a chat room assessment task. In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 2007 ; Vol. 35, No. 4. pp. 509-521.
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Social skills differences among Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder types in a chat room assessment task. / Mikami, Amori Yee; Huang-Pollock, Cynthia L.; Pfiffner, Linda J.; McBurnett, Keith; Hangai, Dana.

In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 35, No. 4, 01.08.2007, p. 509-521.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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