Examined social participation in an experimental program in which 8 preschoolers (mean age 4.1 yrs), 9 kindergartners (mean age 5 yrs), and 6 schoolchildren (mean age 7.2 yrs) were enrolled for 2 mo. The rates at which each S dispensed and received positive and negative social behaviors from peers in each of the 3 age groups were recorded during 10 5-min open instruction periods. Data reveal that in the mixed-age setting, preschoolers showed a preference for kindergartners over preschoolers or schoolchildren, whereas the kindergartners and schoolchildren showed a preference for their own age-mates over non-age-mates. Findings indicate that age rather than sex was the major factor influencing playmate selection, in contrast to findings by J. Goldman (66:11245). It is suggested that age is a major factor influencing playmate selection among children who are more heterogeneous in terms of age, whereas sex may be a major factor influencing choice of playmates among children who are more homogeneous in age. (24 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Life-span and Life-course Studies