Sociodemographic differences and infant dietary patterns

Xiaozhong Wen, Kai Ling Kong, Rina Das Eiden, Neha Navneet Sharma, Chuanbo Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To identify dietary patterns in US infants at age 6 and 12 months, sociodemographic differences in these patterns, and their associations with infant growth from age 6 to 12 months. METHODS: We analyzed a subsample (760 boys and 795 girls) of the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (2005-2007). Mothers reported their infants' intakes of 18 types of foods in the past 7 days, which were used to derive dietary patterns at ages 6 and 12 months by principal component analysis. RESULTS: Similar dietary patterns were identified at ages 6 and 12 months. At 12 months, infants of mothers who had low education or non-Hispanic African American mothers (vs non-Hispanic white) had a higher score on "High sugar/fat/protein" dietary pattern. Both "High sugar/fat/protein" and "High dairy/regular cereal" patterns at 6 months were associated with a smaller increase in length-for-age z score (adjusted β per 1 unit dietary pattern score, -1.36 [95% confidence interval (CI), -2.35 to -0.37] and -0.30 [-0.54 to -0.06], respectively), while with greater increase in BMI z score (1.00 [0.11 to 1.89] and 0.32 [0.10 to 0.53], respectively) from age 6 to 12 months. The "Formula" pattern was associated with greater increase in BMI z score (0.25 [0.09 to 0.40]). The "Infant guideline solids" pattern (vegetables, fruits, baby cereal, and meat) was not associated with change in length-for-age or BMI z score. CONCLUSIONS: Distinct dietary patterns exist among US infants, vary by maternal race/ethnicity and education, and have differential in fl uences on infant growth. Use of "Infant guideline solids" with prolonged breastfeeding is a promising healthy diet for infants after age 6 months.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e1387-e1398
JournalPediatrics
Volume134
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

Fingerprint

Mothers
Guidelines
Education
Dietary Proteins
Dietary Fats
Growth
Principal Component Analysis
Breast Feeding
African Americans
Vegetables
Meat
Fruit
Eating
Fats
Confidence Intervals
Proteins
Edible Grain

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Wen, X., Kong, K. L., Eiden, R. D., Sharma, N. N., & Xie, C. (2014). Sociodemographic differences and infant dietary patterns. Pediatrics, 134(5), e1387-e1398. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-1045
Wen, Xiaozhong ; Kong, Kai Ling ; Eiden, Rina Das ; Sharma, Neha Navneet ; Xie, Chuanbo. / Sociodemographic differences and infant dietary patterns. In: Pediatrics. 2014 ; Vol. 134, No. 5. pp. e1387-e1398.
@article{e3187ff354a44bc98b498a9cab8a0282,
title = "Sociodemographic differences and infant dietary patterns",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To identify dietary patterns in US infants at age 6 and 12 months, sociodemographic differences in these patterns, and their associations with infant growth from age 6 to 12 months. METHODS: We analyzed a subsample (760 boys and 795 girls) of the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (2005-2007). Mothers reported their infants' intakes of 18 types of foods in the past 7 days, which were used to derive dietary patterns at ages 6 and 12 months by principal component analysis. RESULTS: Similar dietary patterns were identified at ages 6 and 12 months. At 12 months, infants of mothers who had low education or non-Hispanic African American mothers (vs non-Hispanic white) had a higher score on {"}High sugar/fat/protein{"} dietary pattern. Both {"}High sugar/fat/protein{"} and {"}High dairy/regular cereal{"} patterns at 6 months were associated with a smaller increase in length-for-age z score (adjusted β per 1 unit dietary pattern score, -1.36 [95{\%} confidence interval (CI), -2.35 to -0.37] and -0.30 [-0.54 to -0.06], respectively), while with greater increase in BMI z score (1.00 [0.11 to 1.89] and 0.32 [0.10 to 0.53], respectively) from age 6 to 12 months. The {"}Formula{"} pattern was associated with greater increase in BMI z score (0.25 [0.09 to 0.40]). The {"}Infant guideline solids{"} pattern (vegetables, fruits, baby cereal, and meat) was not associated with change in length-for-age or BMI z score. CONCLUSIONS: Distinct dietary patterns exist among US infants, vary by maternal race/ethnicity and education, and have differential in fl uences on infant growth. Use of {"}Infant guideline solids{"} with prolonged breastfeeding is a promising healthy diet for infants after age 6 months.",
author = "Xiaozhong Wen and Kong, {Kai Ling} and Eiden, {Rina Das} and Sharma, {Neha Navneet} and Chuanbo Xie",
year = "2014",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1542/peds.2014-1045",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "134",
pages = "e1387--e1398",
journal = "Pediatrics",
issn = "0031-4005",
publisher = "American Academy of Pediatrics",
number = "5",

}

Wen, X, Kong, KL, Eiden, RD, Sharma, NN & Xie, C 2014, 'Sociodemographic differences and infant dietary patterns', Pediatrics, vol. 134, no. 5, pp. e1387-e1398. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-1045

Sociodemographic differences and infant dietary patterns. / Wen, Xiaozhong; Kong, Kai Ling; Eiden, Rina Das; Sharma, Neha Navneet; Xie, Chuanbo.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 134, No. 5, 01.11.2014, p. e1387-e1398.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sociodemographic differences and infant dietary patterns

AU - Wen, Xiaozhong

AU - Kong, Kai Ling

AU - Eiden, Rina Das

AU - Sharma, Neha Navneet

AU - Xie, Chuanbo

PY - 2014/11/1

Y1 - 2014/11/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To identify dietary patterns in US infants at age 6 and 12 months, sociodemographic differences in these patterns, and their associations with infant growth from age 6 to 12 months. METHODS: We analyzed a subsample (760 boys and 795 girls) of the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (2005-2007). Mothers reported their infants' intakes of 18 types of foods in the past 7 days, which were used to derive dietary patterns at ages 6 and 12 months by principal component analysis. RESULTS: Similar dietary patterns were identified at ages 6 and 12 months. At 12 months, infants of mothers who had low education or non-Hispanic African American mothers (vs non-Hispanic white) had a higher score on "High sugar/fat/protein" dietary pattern. Both "High sugar/fat/protein" and "High dairy/regular cereal" patterns at 6 months were associated with a smaller increase in length-for-age z score (adjusted β per 1 unit dietary pattern score, -1.36 [95% confidence interval (CI), -2.35 to -0.37] and -0.30 [-0.54 to -0.06], respectively), while with greater increase in BMI z score (1.00 [0.11 to 1.89] and 0.32 [0.10 to 0.53], respectively) from age 6 to 12 months. The "Formula" pattern was associated with greater increase in BMI z score (0.25 [0.09 to 0.40]). The "Infant guideline solids" pattern (vegetables, fruits, baby cereal, and meat) was not associated with change in length-for-age or BMI z score. CONCLUSIONS: Distinct dietary patterns exist among US infants, vary by maternal race/ethnicity and education, and have differential in fl uences on infant growth. Use of "Infant guideline solids" with prolonged breastfeeding is a promising healthy diet for infants after age 6 months.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To identify dietary patterns in US infants at age 6 and 12 months, sociodemographic differences in these patterns, and their associations with infant growth from age 6 to 12 months. METHODS: We analyzed a subsample (760 boys and 795 girls) of the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (2005-2007). Mothers reported their infants' intakes of 18 types of foods in the past 7 days, which were used to derive dietary patterns at ages 6 and 12 months by principal component analysis. RESULTS: Similar dietary patterns were identified at ages 6 and 12 months. At 12 months, infants of mothers who had low education or non-Hispanic African American mothers (vs non-Hispanic white) had a higher score on "High sugar/fat/protein" dietary pattern. Both "High sugar/fat/protein" and "High dairy/regular cereal" patterns at 6 months were associated with a smaller increase in length-for-age z score (adjusted β per 1 unit dietary pattern score, -1.36 [95% confidence interval (CI), -2.35 to -0.37] and -0.30 [-0.54 to -0.06], respectively), while with greater increase in BMI z score (1.00 [0.11 to 1.89] and 0.32 [0.10 to 0.53], respectively) from age 6 to 12 months. The "Formula" pattern was associated with greater increase in BMI z score (0.25 [0.09 to 0.40]). The "Infant guideline solids" pattern (vegetables, fruits, baby cereal, and meat) was not associated with change in length-for-age or BMI z score. CONCLUSIONS: Distinct dietary patterns exist among US infants, vary by maternal race/ethnicity and education, and have differential in fl uences on infant growth. Use of "Infant guideline solids" with prolonged breastfeeding is a promising healthy diet for infants after age 6 months.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84908893686&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84908893686&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1542/peds.2014-1045

DO - 10.1542/peds.2014-1045

M3 - Article

C2 - 25311608

AN - SCOPUS:84908893686

VL - 134

SP - e1387-e1398

JO - Pediatrics

JF - Pediatrics

SN - 0031-4005

IS - 5

ER -