Identifying nonnative, trimeric forms of SOD1 trimers as the toxic species, rather than large aggregates revolutionizes our understanding of ALS pathophysiology. Large protein aggregates, what was previously thought as the central cause of neurodegeneration, play protective role and are not responsible for neuronal death. SOD1 trimers are implicated at the molecular, cellular, and organismal level. Understanding the formation of the nonnative trimer and its role in the cell, leading to cell death, holds the key to developing a new standard of therapeutics for ALS and for other neurodegenerative diseases. This review highlights recent advances of knowledge for the role of SOD1 oligomers in ALS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology