Sodium and oxygen abundances in the open cluster NGC 6791 from apogee H-band spectroscopy

Katia Cunha, Verne V. Smith, Jennifer A. Johnson, Maria Bergemann, Szabolcs Mészáros, Matthew D. Shetrone, Diogo Souto, Carlos Allende Prieto, Ricardo P. Schiavon, Peter Frinchaboy, Gail Zasowski, Dmitry Bizyaev, Jon Holtzman, Ana E. García Pérez, Steven R. Majewski, David Nidever, Timothy Beers, Ricardo Carrera, Doug Geisler, James GunnFred Hearty, Inese Ivans, Sarah Martell, Marc Pinsonneault, Donald P. Schneider, Jennifer Sobeck, Dennis Stello, Keivan G. Stassun, Michael Skrutskie, John C. Wilson

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Abstract

The open cluster NGC 6791 is among the oldest, most massive, and metal-rich open clusters in the Galaxy. High-resolution H-band spectra from the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) of 11 red giants in NGC 6791 are analyzed for their chemical abundances of iron, oxygen, and sodium. The abundances of these three elements are found to be homogeneous (with abundance dispersions at the level of ∼0.05-0.07 dex) in these cluster red giants, which span much of the red-giant branch (Teff ∼ 3500-4600 K), and include two red clump giants. From the infrared spectra, this cluster is confirmed to be among the most metal-rich clusters in the Galaxy (〈[Fe/H]〉 = 0.34 ± 0.06) and is found to have a roughly solar value of [O/Fe] and slightly enhanced [Na/Fe]. Our non-LTE calculations for the studied Na I lines in the APOGEE spectral region (16373.86 Å and 16388.85 Å) indicate only small departures from LTE (≤0.04 dex) for the parameter range and metallicity of the studied stars. The previously reported double population of cluster members with different Na abundances is not found among the studied sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL41
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume798
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2015

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Cunha, K., Smith, V. V., Johnson, J. A., Bergemann, M., Mészáros, S., Shetrone, M. D., Souto, D., Prieto, C. A., Schiavon, R. P., Frinchaboy, P., Zasowski, G., Bizyaev, D., Holtzman, J., García Pérez, A. E., Majewski, S. R., Nidever, D., Beers, T., Carrera, R., Geisler, D., ... Wilson, J. C. (2015). Sodium and oxygen abundances in the open cluster NGC 6791 from apogee H-band spectroscopy. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 798(2), [L41]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/798/2/L41