Soft X-rays from polar caps of the millisecond pulsar J0437-4715

V. E. Zavlin, George Pavlov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

73 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We show that the soft X-ray spectra and light curves observed with the ROSAT and EUVE from the closest known millisecond pulsar J0437-4715 can be interpreted as thermal radiation from two hot polar caps whose emitting layers (atmospheres) are comprised of hydrogen. The simplest model yields a uniform temperature of (0.8 - 0.9) × 106 K within a cap radius of 0.7 - 0.9 km. The spectral fits indicate that the temperature may be nonuniformly distributed along the cap surface. The distribution can be approximated by a central core heated up to (1 - 2) × 106 K within a radius of 0.2 - 0.4 km, surrounded by a colder rim with temperatures (3 - 5) × 105 K extending out to 2 - 6 km. The polar cap interpretation implies low column densities, (1 - 3) × 1019 cm-2, and a high degree of ionization, > 20%, of the interstellar hydrogen towards the pulsar. The inferred bolometric luminosity of the polar caps, (1.0 - 1.6) × 1030 erg s-1, is in excellent agreement with the predictions of the slot-gap model of radio pulsars developed by Arons and his coworkers. Similar polar cap radiation should be emitted by other millisecond pulsars, although in some of them (e. g., PSR B1821-24) the soft X-ray flux is dominated by the nonthermal radiation from pulsar magnetospheres.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-598
Number of pages16
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume329
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 20 1998

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polar caps
pulsars
caps
hydrogen
x rays
temperature
Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer satellite
pulsar magnetospheres
nonthermal radiation
erg
radii
magnetosphere
thermal radiation
ionization
rims
slots
radio
light curve
atmosphere
luminosity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "Soft X-rays from polar caps of the millisecond pulsar J0437-4715",
abstract = "We show that the soft X-ray spectra and light curves observed with the ROSAT and EUVE from the closest known millisecond pulsar J0437-4715 can be interpreted as thermal radiation from two hot polar caps whose emitting layers (atmospheres) are comprised of hydrogen. The simplest model yields a uniform temperature of (0.8 - 0.9) × 106 K within a cap radius of 0.7 - 0.9 km. The spectral fits indicate that the temperature may be nonuniformly distributed along the cap surface. The distribution can be approximated by a central core heated up to (1 - 2) × 106 K within a radius of 0.2 - 0.4 km, surrounded by a colder rim with temperatures (3 - 5) × 105 K extending out to 2 - 6 km. The polar cap interpretation implies low column densities, (1 - 3) × 1019 cm-2, and a high degree of ionization, > 20{\%}, of the interstellar hydrogen towards the pulsar. The inferred bolometric luminosity of the polar caps, (1.0 - 1.6) × 1030 erg s-1, is in excellent agreement with the predictions of the slot-gap model of radio pulsars developed by Arons and his coworkers. Similar polar cap radiation should be emitted by other millisecond pulsars, although in some of them (e. g., PSR B1821-24) the soft X-ray flux is dominated by the nonthermal radiation from pulsar magnetospheres.",
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Soft X-rays from polar caps of the millisecond pulsar J0437-4715. / Zavlin, V. E.; Pavlov, George.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 329, No. 2, 20.01.1998, p. 583-598.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - We show that the soft X-ray spectra and light curves observed with the ROSAT and EUVE from the closest known millisecond pulsar J0437-4715 can be interpreted as thermal radiation from two hot polar caps whose emitting layers (atmospheres) are comprised of hydrogen. The simplest model yields a uniform temperature of (0.8 - 0.9) × 106 K within a cap radius of 0.7 - 0.9 km. The spectral fits indicate that the temperature may be nonuniformly distributed along the cap surface. The distribution can be approximated by a central core heated up to (1 - 2) × 106 K within a radius of 0.2 - 0.4 km, surrounded by a colder rim with temperatures (3 - 5) × 105 K extending out to 2 - 6 km. The polar cap interpretation implies low column densities, (1 - 3) × 1019 cm-2, and a high degree of ionization, > 20%, of the interstellar hydrogen towards the pulsar. The inferred bolometric luminosity of the polar caps, (1.0 - 1.6) × 1030 erg s-1, is in excellent agreement with the predictions of the slot-gap model of radio pulsars developed by Arons and his coworkers. Similar polar cap radiation should be emitted by other millisecond pulsars, although in some of them (e. g., PSR B1821-24) the soft X-ray flux is dominated by the nonthermal radiation from pulsar magnetospheres.

AB - We show that the soft X-ray spectra and light curves observed with the ROSAT and EUVE from the closest known millisecond pulsar J0437-4715 can be interpreted as thermal radiation from two hot polar caps whose emitting layers (atmospheres) are comprised of hydrogen. The simplest model yields a uniform temperature of (0.8 - 0.9) × 106 K within a cap radius of 0.7 - 0.9 km. The spectral fits indicate that the temperature may be nonuniformly distributed along the cap surface. The distribution can be approximated by a central core heated up to (1 - 2) × 106 K within a radius of 0.2 - 0.4 km, surrounded by a colder rim with temperatures (3 - 5) × 105 K extending out to 2 - 6 km. The polar cap interpretation implies low column densities, (1 - 3) × 1019 cm-2, and a high degree of ionization, > 20%, of the interstellar hydrogen towards the pulsar. The inferred bolometric luminosity of the polar caps, (1.0 - 1.6) × 1030 erg s-1, is in excellent agreement with the predictions of the slot-gap model of radio pulsars developed by Arons and his coworkers. Similar polar cap radiation should be emitted by other millisecond pulsars, although in some of them (e. g., PSR B1821-24) the soft X-ray flux is dominated by the nonthermal radiation from pulsar magnetospheres.

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