Soil correlates and mortality from giraffe skin disease in Tanzania

Monica L. Bond, Megan K.L. Strauss, Derek Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Giraffe skin disease (GSD) is a disorder of undetermined etiology that causes lesions on the forelimbs of Masai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi) in Tanzania, East Africa. We examined soil correlates of prevalence of GSD from 951 giraffe in 14 sites in Tanzania, and estimated mortality using 3 yr of longitudinal mark–recapture data from 382 giraffe with and without GSD lesions, in Tarangire National Park (TNP). Spatial variation in GSD prevalence was best explained by soil fertility, measured as cation exchange capacity. We found no mortality effect of GSD on adult giraffe in TNP. Based on our findings, GSD is unlikely to warrant immediate veterinary intervention, but continued monitoring is recommended to ensure early detection if GSD-afflicted animals begin to show signs of increased mortality or other adverse effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)953-958
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of wildlife diseases
Volume52
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Fingerprint

Giraffa camelopardalis
skin diseases
Tanzania
skin
mortality
soil
lesion
national park
disease prevalence
etiology
lesions (animal)
cation exchange capacity
national parks
soil fertility
spatial variation
forelimbs
Eastern Africa
monitoring

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Bond, Monica L. ; Strauss, Megan K.L. ; Lee, Derek. / Soil correlates and mortality from giraffe skin disease in Tanzania. In: Journal of wildlife diseases. 2016 ; Vol. 52, No. 4. pp. 953-958.
@article{ed603cd7b16f48229b9c3cf51a3a9681,
title = "Soil correlates and mortality from giraffe skin disease in Tanzania",
abstract = "Giraffe skin disease (GSD) is a disorder of undetermined etiology that causes lesions on the forelimbs of Masai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi) in Tanzania, East Africa. We examined soil correlates of prevalence of GSD from 951 giraffe in 14 sites in Tanzania, and estimated mortality using 3 yr of longitudinal mark–recapture data from 382 giraffe with and without GSD lesions, in Tarangire National Park (TNP). Spatial variation in GSD prevalence was best explained by soil fertility, measured as cation exchange capacity. We found no mortality effect of GSD on adult giraffe in TNP. Based on our findings, GSD is unlikely to warrant immediate veterinary intervention, but continued monitoring is recommended to ensure early detection if GSD-afflicted animals begin to show signs of increased mortality or other adverse effects.",
author = "Bond, {Monica L.} and Strauss, {Megan K.L.} and Derek Lee",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.7589/2016-02-047",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "52",
pages = "953--958",
journal = "Journal of Wildlife Diseases",
issn = "0090-3558",
publisher = "Wildlife Disease Association, Inc.",
number = "4",

}

Soil correlates and mortality from giraffe skin disease in Tanzania. / Bond, Monica L.; Strauss, Megan K.L.; Lee, Derek.

In: Journal of wildlife diseases, Vol. 52, No. 4, 01.10.2016, p. 953-958.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil correlates and mortality from giraffe skin disease in Tanzania

AU - Bond, Monica L.

AU - Strauss, Megan K.L.

AU - Lee, Derek

PY - 2016/10/1

Y1 - 2016/10/1

N2 - Giraffe skin disease (GSD) is a disorder of undetermined etiology that causes lesions on the forelimbs of Masai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi) in Tanzania, East Africa. We examined soil correlates of prevalence of GSD from 951 giraffe in 14 sites in Tanzania, and estimated mortality using 3 yr of longitudinal mark–recapture data from 382 giraffe with and without GSD lesions, in Tarangire National Park (TNP). Spatial variation in GSD prevalence was best explained by soil fertility, measured as cation exchange capacity. We found no mortality effect of GSD on adult giraffe in TNP. Based on our findings, GSD is unlikely to warrant immediate veterinary intervention, but continued monitoring is recommended to ensure early detection if GSD-afflicted animals begin to show signs of increased mortality or other adverse effects.

AB - Giraffe skin disease (GSD) is a disorder of undetermined etiology that causes lesions on the forelimbs of Masai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi) in Tanzania, East Africa. We examined soil correlates of prevalence of GSD from 951 giraffe in 14 sites in Tanzania, and estimated mortality using 3 yr of longitudinal mark–recapture data from 382 giraffe with and without GSD lesions, in Tarangire National Park (TNP). Spatial variation in GSD prevalence was best explained by soil fertility, measured as cation exchange capacity. We found no mortality effect of GSD on adult giraffe in TNP. Based on our findings, GSD is unlikely to warrant immediate veterinary intervention, but continued monitoring is recommended to ensure early detection if GSD-afflicted animals begin to show signs of increased mortality or other adverse effects.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84991106439&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84991106439&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.7589/2016-02-047

DO - 10.7589/2016-02-047

M3 - Article

C2 - 27529292

AN - SCOPUS:84991106439

VL - 52

SP - 953

EP - 958

JO - Journal of Wildlife Diseases

JF - Journal of Wildlife Diseases

SN - 0090-3558

IS - 4

ER -