Sol-gel synthesis and optical behavior of Mg-Ce-O nano-crystallites

Ashok Kumar, Subhash Thota, Sri Sivakumar, Shashank Priya, Jitendra Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Mg-Ce-O powder are shown to contain periclase-type MgO and/or fluoride-type cerium oxide (CeO2) depending upon the composition (x) defined by Ce/(Ce + Mg) atomic ratio. Lattice contraction of pariclase phase of MgO (average crystallite size ∼8.8 nm) at Ce content of 'x' = 0.20 in comparison to pure MgO (crystallite size ∼9.5 nm) has been realized due to oxygen vacancy formation. The optical band gap values of CeO2 varies (3.0-3.2 eV) due to oxygen vacancy formation in CeO2 phase, crystallite size and/or Ce3+/Ce4+ ratio. Further, the addition of Ce has shown to reduce the physisorption and chemisorption of water significantly as reflected by (1) suppression of related absorption peaks and (2) absence of magnesium hydroxide, Mg(OH)2, bands in Fourier transform infrared spectra.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-53
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology
Volume68
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomaterials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

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