Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum

D. T. Shindell, G. A. Schmidt, M. E. Mann, D. Rind, A. Waple

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

525 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examine the climate response to solar irradiance changes between the late 17th-century Maunder Minimum and the late 18th century. Global average temperature changes are small (about 0.3° to 0.4°C) in both a climate model and empirical reconstructions. However, regional temperature changes are quite large. In the model, these occur primarily through a forced shift toward the low index state of the Arctic Oscillation/North Atlantic Oscillation as solar irradiance decreases. This leads to colder temperatures over the Northern Hemisphere continents, especially in winter (1° to 2°C), in agreement with historical records and proxy data for surface temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2149-2152
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume294
Issue number5549
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 7 2001

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Climate Change
Climate
Temperature
Proxy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Shindell, D. T., Schmidt, G. A., Mann, M. E., Rind, D., & Waple, A. (2001). Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum. Science, 294(5549), 2149-2152. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1064363
Shindell, D. T. ; Schmidt, G. A. ; Mann, M. E. ; Rind, D. ; Waple, A. / Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum. In: Science. 2001 ; Vol. 294, No. 5549. pp. 2149-2152.
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Shindell, DT, Schmidt, GA, Mann, ME, Rind, D & Waple, A 2001, 'Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum', Science, vol. 294, no. 5549, pp. 2149-2152. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1064363

Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum. / Shindell, D. T.; Schmidt, G. A.; Mann, M. E.; Rind, D.; Waple, A.

In: Science, Vol. 294, No. 5549, 07.12.2001, p. 2149-2152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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