Au-Zn was used as a prototype binary system for exploring intermetallic phase accessibility in nanoparticle systems using low-temperature solution chemistry methods. By reacting Au nanoparticles with diethylzinc (Et2Zn) in oleylamine at temperatures of 250-300 °C, nanoparticles of five distinct binary intermetallic compounds were accessible: Au3Zn, Au5Zn3, AuZn, Cu5Zn8-type γ-(Au,Zn), and Mg-type ε-(Au,Zn). A variety of nanoparticle shapes, including spheres, triangles, hexagons, and rods, are accessible in the Au-Zn system via a pseudomorphic reaction of Au nanocrystal shapes with Et2Zn. The Au-Zn nanoparticles have optical properties that vary with Zn content, ranging from a surface plasmon resonance peak at ∼495 nm for Au3Zn to absorption in the ultraviolet region for the Zn-rich phases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry