### Abstract

An equivalent source method is developed for solving transient acoustic boundary value problems. The method assumes the boundary surface is discretized in terms of triangular or quadrilateral elements and that the solution is represented using the acoustic fields of discrete sources placed at the element centers. Also, the boundary condition is assumed to be specified for the normal component of the surface velocity as a function of time, and the source amplitudes are determined to match the known elemental volume velocity vector at a series of discrete time steps. Equations are given for marching-on-in-time schemes to solve for the source amplitudes at each time step for simple, dipole, and tripole source formulations. Several example problems are solved to illustrate the results and to validate the formulations, including problems with closed boundary surfaces where long-time numerical instabilities typically occur. A simple relationship between the simple and dipole source amplitudes in the tripole source formulation is derived so that the source radiates primarily in the direction of the outward surface normal. The tripole source formulation is shown to eliminate interior acoustic resonances and long-time numerical instabilities.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 4115-4129 |

Number of pages | 15 |

Journal | Journal of the Acoustical Society of America |

Volume | 140 |

Issue number | 6 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Dec 1 2016 |

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics